Whether you are seeking information concerning locating a daycare center, qualifying for food assistance or getting help establishing and collecting child support, this website is a great starting point to find the services provided by DHR." Seniors and children in Jefferson County can benefit from the holiday programs. In 1963 African Americans led a movement in the city seeking civil rights, including integration of public facilities. Early county seats were established first at Carrollsville (1819 – 21), then Elyton (1821 – 73). In addition, many African Americans have mixed-race ancestry, with some ancestors from the British Isles. With a population of more than 659,000 people including 27 Police Departments covering 1,124 square miles, Jefferson County is the largest jurisdiction in Alabama. In February 2011, Lesley Curwen of the BBC World Service interviewed David Carrington, the newly appointed president of the County Commission, about the risk of defaulting on bonds issued to finance "what could be the most expensive sewage system in history. Jefferson County Gaynelle Hendricks, Tax Assessor Jefferson County Courthouse 716 Richard Arrington Blvd. The Jefferson County Commission is proud to serve a vibrant, diverse community rich in history, culture and natural beauty. These matters might include cases in which a child is alleged to be … Jefferson County, AL has 118 Fire Departments and Fire Stations. It allows the county to be set up a zoning system for land use, maintain the sanitary sewer, sewerage systems and highways, provide for garbage and trash disposal, and to enforce taxation (except for property taxes). The average household size was 2.45, and the average family size was 3.04. Altogether, 83.9% of the population was claimed as members by religious congregations, although members of historically African-American denominations were underrepresented due to incomplete information. [37], In 2010 statistics, the largest religious group in Jefferson County was the SBC Baptists with 185,650 members in 272 congregations, followed by 69,878 non-denominational adherents with 170 congregations, 67,313 NBC Baptists with 117 congregations, 55,083 Catholics in the Archdiocese of Birmingham with 32 parishes, 43,422 UMC Methodists with 86 congregations, 15,899 CoG–Cleveland, Tennessee Pentecostals with 45 congregations, 14,025 TEC Episcopalians with 17 congregations, 11,267 CoC Christians with 69 congregations, 11,171 CoGiC Pentecostals with 16 congregations, and 9,472 AME Methodists with 42 congregations. Family Court, or Juvenile Court, of Jefferson County exercises jurisdiction in matters involving children. "[8] Carrington said there was "no doubt that people from Wall Street offered bribes" and "have to take a huge responsibility for what happened. They entered politics in the city, county and state after the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was passed. The main center is at Center is at 2130 11th Avenue North, Birmingham, AL 35234 (phone (205) 328-5656) but there are others. Freight service is provided by BNSF Railway, CSX Transportation, Norfolk Southern Railway, Alabama & Tennessee River Railway, and Birmingham Terminal Railway (formerly Birmingham Southern Railroad). Founded around 1871, Birmingham was named for the industrial English city of the same name in Warwickshire. Jefferson County Unified Command Center Update for December 23, 2020: https://bit.ly/3pk375T. Read local information on events at the Jefferson County Library Cooperative Library's public libraries. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. [4] Notable incidents include 1889's lynching of George Meadows. It was named after US President Thomas Jefferson. Certain elected county officials maintain offices in the Bessemer annex, such as the Assistant Tax Collector, the Assistant Tax Assessor, and the Assistant District Attorney. Its county seat is Birmingham, the most populous city in the state. The prison includes one of the two Alabama death rows for men. It is in the center of the (former) iron, coal, and limestone mining belt of the Southern United States. Many families and young professionals live in Jefferson County and residents tend to have moderate political views. [38] In 2014, Jefferson County had 714 religious organizations, the 15th most out of all US counties. Having been classified in the South as black under racial segregation, some of these families are beginning to use DNA tests to learn about and acknowledge European ancestors. By votes in the commission, the commissioners are given executive responsibilities for the various county departments, which fall under the categories of "Roads and Transportation", "Community Development", "Environmental Services", "Health and Human Services", "Technology and Land Development", and "Finance and General Services". Jefferson County is one of the eight counties in Alabama with a limited-form of home rule government. White mobs committed 29 lynchings in the county, most around the turn of the century at a time of widespread political suppression of blacks in the state. Zillow has 3,117 homes for sale in Jefferson County AL. Many other mountains and valleys make up Home Buyers Reveal: 'What I Wish I Had Known Before Buying My First Home, Selling Your Home? The median income for a household in the county was $36,868, and the median income for a family was $45,951. "[7][8], The controversial interest rate swaps, initiated in 2002 and 2003 by former Commission President Larry Langford (removed in 2011 as the mayor of Birmingham after his conviction at trial[9]), were intended to lower interest payments. 1.1. [39], As a reaction to the US Supreme Court's ruling in Brown v Board of Education in 1954, that segregated public schools were unconstitutional, both state and local officials took steps to preserve de facto educational segregation. One former jailer, who started work for the Jefferson County Convict Department in 1919, described beatings, the administration of laxatives, and confinement in a tiny two-by-three-foot cell, as well as beatings with rubber hoses. AMTRAK passenger service is provided by the Crescent, which stops in Birmingham. The Commissioners are elected from single-member districts. Welcome to the Tenth Judicial Circuit of Jefferson County, Birmingham Division's Website. Jefferson County Unified Command Center Update for December 30, 2020: https://bit.ly/2WX3tTY. * To verify enrollment eligibility, contact the school or district directly. About 11.60% of families and 14.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.20% of those under age 18 and 12.70% of those age 65 or over. More on Salvation Army food assistance programs Birmingham and Jefferson County. Jefferson County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of Alabama, located in the central portion of the state. "[35] Well into the 1950s, prisoners were regularly beaten and tortured by police to extract coerced "confessions" to crimes. A 1973 Commission had recommended that all counties be granted home rule under the state constitution, but the state legislature has refused to give up its control over local affairs. Clear 1 Table. Don't Neglect These 6 Maintenance Tasks - Or Else, Debunked! It also attracted European immigrants. The Birmingham campaign was known for the violence the city police used against non-violent protesters. Changes to county representation in the state legislature did not take place until the state was required to incorporate the principle of one man, one vote from the US Supreme Court decision of Baker v. Carr (1964). Males had a median income of $35,954 versus $26,631 for females. Jefferson County was established on December 13, 1819 by the Alabama Legislature. Browse photos, see new properties, get open house info, and research neighborhoods on Trulia. While they were nominally still eligible in the mid-20th century for jury duty, they were overwhelmingly excluded by white administrators from juries into the 1950s. The county is home to the Watercress Darter National Wildlife Refuge. Jefferson County can be found in the central region of Alabama. Some of the hottest neighborhoods near Jefferson County, AL are Highland Park, Crestline, Forest Park, Crestwood South, Crestwood North. [15] This action was valued at $4.2 billion, with debts of $3.14 billion relating to sewer work; it was then the most costly municipal bankruptcy ever in the U.S. The World’s largest gravesite collection. The split did not take place because the area of the proposed county would have been smaller than the minimum of 500 square miles set forth in the state constitution. The Tenth Judicial Circuit of the Alabama State Court system consists of the Birmingham and Bessemer Divisions. AcreValue helps you locate parcels, property lines, and ownership information for land online, eliminating the need for plat books. Whether you are looking for homes for sale, new homes, apartments finder, guides and rentals, foreclosures or apartment communities for rent, find all Jefferson County real estate for sale or rent in Alabama on AL.com. By the early decades of the 20th century, it had a majority-black population, but whites dominated politically and economically. The financial problems were related to costs of a huge sewer project. the majority of the county's diverse geography.[21]. See all 656 apartments and houses for rent in Jefferson County, AL, including cheap, affordable, luxury and pet-friendly rentals. Jefferson County and Birmingham Alabama, Historical and Biographical Birmingham, Ala.… Legislators from rural counties kept control of the legislature and, to avoid losing power, for decades refused to reapportion the seats or redistrict congressional districts. It attracted numerous rural migrants, both black and white, for its new jobs. Find out the more about the public libraries in Jefferson County, Ala. There’s a reason the pros emphasize location when buying real estate: You c... A pre-approval letter from a lender makes your offer stronger. The District Attorney’s Office for the Tenth Judicial Circuit of Alabama is located in Jefferson County, Alabama. Nearby Bessemer, Alabama, located 16 miles by car to the southwest, also grew based on industrialization. The population density was 595 people per square mile (230/km2). The county seat and largest city is Birmingham. Economic competition among the new workers in the city also raised tensions. The Sheriff's Department fields about 175 deputy sheriffs who patrol the unincorporated areas of the county, and also all municipalities that do not have their own police departments. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Jefferson, AL. In a study of lynchings in the South from 1877 to 1950, Jefferson County is documented as having the highest number of lynchings of any county in Alabama. In 1969, public schools in the county became fully integrated.[40]. Jefferson County population had decreased slightly by 2010. All links reviewed by librarians or other review source. According to the 2010 United States Census, residents of metropolitan Jefferson County identified as the following: As of the census[27] of 2000, there were 662,047 people, 263,265 households, and 175,861 families residing in the county. The County Commission elects a President from among its members, who serves as the chairperson of all County Commission meetings, and who has additional executive duties. Note: To increase accuracy, the keyword filter suggests the most commonly searched terms. It ruled that bicameral legislatures had to have both houses based on population districts, rather than geographic ones. As of May 2012[update], Jefferson County had slashed expenses and reduced employment of county government workers by more than 700. for questions or payments please contact the alabama traffic safety center at traffic.alacourt.gov/ or call toll free (866) 954-9399. cases may be paid with credit card by calling (877)252-7294. payments must reach the clerk’s office before your court date. Nearly 28.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The African-American community quickly rebuilt the damaged church. [3], In mid-2015, the Department of Justice announced an investigation of the conditions imposed on juveniles in the county jail. In the 1950s KKK chapters bombed black-owned houses in Birmingham to discourage residents moving into new middle-class areas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 658,466. Some municipal sales taxes reach 4%. In Jefferson County, most residents own their homes. 8 Myths About Renting You Should Stop Believing Immediately, 6 Ways Home Buyers Mess Up Getting A Mortgage, 6 Reasons You Should Never Buy Or Sell A Home Without An Agent, Difference Between Agent, Broker & Realtor, Real Estate Agents Reveal the Toughest Home Buyers They've Ever Met, The 5 Maintenance Skills All Homeowners Should Know, Before You Buy, Look for Red Flags in the Neighborhood, Jefferson County International Baccalaureate School. Jefferson County Sheriff's Office, Birmingham, Alabama. One of three counties shuffled to the top 3 numbers because of population size. Find 3217 homes for sale in Jefferson County with a median listing price of $205,000. Jefferson County is served by the Jefferson County Sheriff's Department. Jefferson County Unified Command Center Update for December 16, 2020: https://bit.ly/2WnNuhm There is also one switching and terminal railroad, Alabama Warrior Railway.[44]. Jefferson County Real Estate Listings & Rental Properties in Alabama Looking to buy a home or rent an apartment? Some identify as Multiracial as a result. This followed the civil rights campaign, which was based at the 16th Street Baptist Church, and an economic boycott of white stores that refused to hire blacks. Tenth Judicial Circuit of the eight counties in Alabama local management, it! Workers in the County is the most populous County in the County authorized and a... Campaign was known for the County is located in the County is located the. Populous city in the 20th century, based on industrialization all States and counties, and the one... Late February 2008 standard & Poor 's lowered the rating of Jefferson County Courthouse 716 Richard Arrington, Jr..! Assessor Jefferson County had slashed expenses and reduced employment of County government workers more! Please use the link below to take a look inside this quarter 's newsletter over there... 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