Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Ziziphus jujuba is thus the correct scientific name for this species. Ziziphus is a genus of spiny shrubs and small trees in the Rhamnaceae family. from China, Extract process of cyclic adenosinemonophosphate (cAMP) in Ziziphus jujuba, Characterization of nucleosides and nucleobases in fruits of Ziziphus jujuba by UPLC-DAD-MS, Essential and toxic elements in three Pakistan's medicinal fruits (Punica granatum, Ziziphus jujuba and Piper cubeba) analysed by INAA, Characterization of water soluble polysaccharides from organs of Chinese Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill. Z . These two species … [55] This decoction was shown to suppress LPS-induced IFNγ release without inducing IFNγ itself, and induced the activity of ERK (one of the three major MAPK subsets) in one immune cell line while activating all major three subsets (ERK, JNK, p38) in another; suggesting potential immunomodulatory properties. long, straight, the shorter one decurved. Aim of the experiment was to determine morphological and sensory differences between selected Ziziphus jujube Mill. for this page. In contrast to the Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba) that is native to the temperate regions of China (Liu et al. In our laboratories were analysed quantitative and qualitative traits of matured fruits. [29], The seeds of Ziziphus jujube have been implicated in reducing anxiety, in accordance with their traditional usage. It may possess anxiety-reducing and sedative properties. [45], Triterpenoids from Ziziphus fruits and seeds show efficacy in preventing macrophages (immune cells) from converting into foam cells, and may offer protection from atherosclerosis. If using any pharmaceuticals or drugs given to you by a doctor or received with a prescription, you must consult with the doctor in question or an equally qualified Health Care Professional prior to using any nutritional supplementation. Examine.com does not assume liability for any actions undertaken after visiting these pages, and does not assume liability if one misuses supplements. Ziziphus zizyphus (L.) Karsten (Rhamnus zizyphus L.; Z. jujuba Mill. It is also referred to asbedara, ber (i.e. This page features 56 references. [34], PHY906 is a term used to refer to a decoction of four herbs that has usage in Traditional Chinese Medicine under the name of Huang-Qin-Tang, one of which is Ziziphus Jujuba. [32], The ethanolic extract of the seeds has been found to prolong hexobarbital-induced sleeping time at 1g/kg, but not 500mg/kg; no influence was noted on sleep latency (time required to fall asleep) and an impairment of waking locomotion was found at the dose that induces sedation. Furthermore, significant differences of the antioxidant activity were found between samples of Ziziphus from different locations . [37] Most of this enhancement was due to increased amounts of tertiary dendrites at both concentrations (354% and 579%, respectively), suggesting dendritic proliferation or an attenuation of dendritic loss associated with aging. Basionym: ** Type: MAURITIUS: Without data, Sonnerat s.n. fruit belonging to the Rhamnaceous family grows mostly in Europe, southern and eastern Asia, and Australia, especially the inland region of northern China. [15] This study noted that out of 50 various herbs tested only Ziziphus, Foeniculi Fructus (Fennel Seed), and Hoelen were able to significantly suppress foam cell formation; herbs such as astragalus membranaceus, the fruits of schisandra chinensis, and horny goat weed were ineffective at this role, and the bioactives in Ziziphus appears to be Oleanolic acid, Pomolic acid, and Pomonic acid; Pomolic acid methyl ester was ineffective. [48] In a mouse model fed the crude water-soluble polysaccharides at 50, 150, and 250mg/kg daily the two larger doses caused an increase in nonspecific immunity (as assessed by spleen and thymus index) and was able to proliferate splenocytes and macrophages in vitro. Source. [2] Subsequently, Zizyphus Jujuba was able to suppress lipid accumulation in these adipocytes and appeared to reduce the protein content of PPARγ, C/EBPα and C/EBPβ; three adipogenic proteins. [30] This enhancement of sedation may be mediated via the flavonoid spinosin and vicariously through post-synaptic 5-HT(1A) receptors (serotonin receptor), with synergistic augmentation when paired with 5-HT1A antagonists at 15mg/kg spinosin. [47] The only current study on the subject matter is one in female mice given an ethyl acetate fraction of Jujube (consisting of polyphenolics and flavanoids) at 60-240mg/kg bodyweight appeared to reduce the weight of the ovaries and inhibit the estrus cycle, with a greater potency than the other herb tested (Croton roxburghii). (the Indian jujube or ber), and Ziziphus jujuba Mill. The main biologically active components are vitamin C, phenolics, flavonoids, triterpenic acids, and polysaccharides. [56] This co-existed with an inhibition of delta-5-3β-HSD in a dose dependent manner, and all parameters were normalized 32 days after supplementation cessation.[56]. The word Jujuba is a latinised form of the vernacular name and Zizyphus is from the Arabic. Examine.com and its Editors do not advocate nutritional supplementation over proper medical advice or treatment and this sentiment will never be expressed through pages hosted under Examine.com. [51] The authors concluded that the synergism occured via enhancing G1 cellular arrest, which was confirmed by less DNA synthesis and improved Rb protein (mediator of G1) actions. Jujube fruit (Ziziphus jujuba) come from the small and deciduous jujube tree. manufacturers, food companies, and industry funders. The jujube is a drupe or stone fruit. Ziziphus mauritianaleaves contain 13-17% crude protein and 15% fibre, and make an excellent fodder for livestock. [38], Other possible mechanisms associated with neuroprotection could be antagonism of excitotoxicity. [36] A reduction in physical contractions was also noted, with absolute (100% protection) against pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures and 66.7% in electricity-induced convulsions at 1g/kg (the dose required for sedation), with lower doses being effective but to a lesser degree. This plant is listed as having these as synonyms: Ziziphus vulgaris Lam., nom. jujuba) and Indian jujube (Z. mauritiana), as well as several other important cultivated fruit crops. Here, we assembled the complete chloroplast genomes of four best known Ziziphus species, i.e., Ziziphus jujuba, Ziziphus acidojujuba, Ziziphus mauritiana, and Ziziphus spina-christi, based on the Illumina Paired-end sequencing method. other names for Ziziphus mauritiana), beri, bidara, bor, Chinese date, Chinese Our evidence-based analysis on ziziphus jujuba features mauritiana leaves with 31 mg GAE/g DW showed the highest total antioxidant capacity compared to those of Z. lotus , while Z. mauritiana seeds (21 mg GAE/g DW) showed the lowest value. It may possess anxiety-reducing and sedative properties. ; Z. vulgaris Lam. is a naturally distributed tree of subtropical, arid and semi-arid parts of Iran. Ziziphus mauritiana mostly contains Alkaloids, Sapogenin & Flavonoids 2, 8, 9. Among its other uses, it was traditionally recommended for heart and abdominal problems as well as for aches and pains and as a tonic to increase longevity. ; Z. vulgaris Lam.) Hydroalcoholic extract was achieved according to Nagappan [12] with some modifications. sinapoylspinosin[18], Rutin (Quercetin-3-O-Rutinoside)[13] at 15.78-32.74mg/g of the leaves[20], Protocatechuic acid, Chlorogenic Acid, Gallic Acid, and Caffeic Acid[21], Nucleosides and Nucleobases, at 420-550mcg/g and mostly cAMP[22] and Uridine[23], Dietary minerals such as selenium (0.242mcg/g), zinc (13.8mcg/g), and Iron (38.2mcg/g)[24]. This group has a controversial taxonomy, with more than 200 species described, including Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujubaMill. Citation: Guo S, Duan J-A, Li Y, Wang R, Yan H, Qian D, Tang Y and Su S (2017) Comparison of the Bioactive Components in Two Seeds of Ziziphus Species by Different Analytical Approaches Combined with Chemometrics. These help in reducing the risk of cancer cells formation, cures … [56], Jujube has apparently been used to prevent pregnancy, as was mentioned in the introduction of one study. The most common Indian name is 'ber'. [36], One animal study noted that, using middle-aged mice, 40-100mg/kg of the methanol extract for 30 days resulted in neuronal proliferation. [33] This enhancement has also been noted with jujubosides, and was synergstic with 5-HTP at 2mg/kg. [27], Currently one clinical trial has been conducted with Ziziphus Jujuba and constipation, where in persons with prolonged transit time (indicative of constipation) symptoms normalized in 84% of the Jujube group and 12% of the placebo group with better improvement in quality of life associated with Jujube. A small deciduous tree up to 30 ft high, with glabrous, spiny branches; spines in pairs, the longer one up to 1 1 ⁄ 4 in. Jujube flavonoids have once been found to act synergistically with 2mg/kg 5-HTP in inducing sleep in rats. [35], At least one study conducted in rats where a seizure was induced noted that Ziziphus Jujube was able to attenuate the adverse effects of the seizure, including oxidative biomarkers and reducing the subsequent impairment in cognition. Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) 1982; Ansari, Fl. jujuba intercropping. Ziziphus Jujuba (Chinese Date) is a fruit-bearing plant belonging to the Rhamnaceae family and the Ziziphus genus, with the species of Zizyphus. to see the full set of research information and references for Ziziphus jujuba. The 2 intercropping modes designed were maize/Z. and Z. mauritiana Lam., as a widespread species in Tunisia, are well known for their medicinal and food uses. Cultural and religious references [ edit ] In Arabic-speaking regions the jujube and alternatively the species Z. lotus are closely related to the lote-trees (sing. Ziziphus mauritiana Lam., Encycl. Ziziphus mauritiana is Beneficial in Increasing Immunity: Presence of flavonoids naturally captures free radicals in blood circulatory system that cause heart blockage and many other cardiovascular problems. Jujuboside A appears to have anti-calmodulin activities in preventing calcium influx into glutaminergic neurons (although the concentration used in this study may not be applicable to oral Jujube ingestion; too high)[39] although similar effects have been noted at lower concentrations. Ziziphus mauritiana has a multitude of uses, including culinary and medicinal. [50] This study noted that 1% and 10% (content of Ziziphus Jujuba oil in lotion) applied daily to the skin resulted in 11.4% and 12% longer hairs over 21 days, while 0.1% was not significantly effective. [51], Mechanistically, an increased level of ROS (oxidation) occurred in the Jujube condition which correlated with cellular death; this was not enhanced or hindered by GTE[51] but instead the combination appeared to further change the cell cycle relative to control HepG2, where Jujube in isolation and the combination to a greater degree increased the amount of cells in the G1 phase while reducing the amount in G2/M and S phases. There have been many studies done to try to isolate which of this plant’s numerou… [53][54], This combination has been used in vitro in a HepG2 cell line, and at the IC50 concentration of 0.85g/mL it affects 466 genes (amount common between fractions samples) with some of the more significant changes being a 405-fold increase in Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase 1A activity. 56 unique references to scientific papers. (syn. There is also a greater difference between the 'wild' and cultivated varieties of Z. mauritiana than between Z. mauritiana and Z. nummularia. There are two major domesticated jujubes, Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. Whereas the flavonoid and polyphenolic profile contains: Apigenin[17] and its diglucoside Isovitexin[17], Swertish and Puerarin as monoglucoside flavonoids[17], Spinosin and Isospinosin as diglucoside flavonoids, 6'''-feruloylspinosin and 6'''-feruloylisospinosin as related molecules[17] and 6'''- Ziziphus Jujuba (Chinese/Korean Date, Jujube) is a plant which bears fruits and seeds that are used for medicinal purposes in Traditional Chinese Medicine. In Traditional Chinese Medicine (where it is called Da Zao), Jujuba is used for anodyne (pain-killing), antitumor, pectoral, refrigerant, sedative, stomachic, styptic and tonic medication; in Japan, Jujuba is used to treat chronic hepatitis or fullness in the chest and ribs. [17], Spinospin and Isospinosin have a second glucose molecule bound to the first via an oxygen bridge at 4'', with the only differences being that Spinosin is built off of Swertish and Isospinosin off of Puerarin (with a molecule called Isovitexin built off of Apigenin). Examine.com and its Editors do not ensure that unforeseen side effects will not occur even at the proper dosages, and thereby does not assume liability for any side effects from supplements or practices hosted under the domain of Examine.com. 3: 319. The Chinese have been growing and eating jujubes for more than four thousand years. [35] At a dose of phenobarbitol that was seen as suboptimal (able to induce sleep in a minority of animals), the amount of animals who managed to sleep increased from 20% to 90% with the saponins (70% with flavonoids). Jujube fruits with high nutritional and medical value are consumed worldwide as fresh and dry fruit. [51] Green tea at 30ug/mL itself has no affect on viability, and this enhanced cell death was not seen in noncancerous liver cells under any condition. genotypes. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. is a plant of the family Rhamnaceae traditionally cultivated in the Mediterranean region, Southern and Eastern Asia and South China [].Nowadays, jujubes are widely distributed in Asia, Australia and Europe, including Slovakia. [2], In a screening of estrogenicity between medical plants, the fruits of Ziziphus (95% ethanolic extract) failed to show any estrogenic or anti-estrogenic effects at concentrations below 1mg/mL.[49]. [27] This study extracted said polysaccharide according to the traditional methods, and when feeding to hamsters (40mg; equivalent to 50g fruits in humans) was able to increase fecal moisture content and decrease transit time in a dose-dependent manner. jujuba intercropping and lucerne/Z. Ziziphusis a genus of spiny shrubs and small trees in the Rhamnaceae family. ** Not applicable or data not available. Hybridization may occur between these two species and intermediate forms are produced (Hocking, 1993). [15], The hydroalcoholic (alkaloid free) extract of Jujube at 100, 200, or 400mg/kg bodyweight was tested against two inflammatory models in rats (careegnan induced paw edema and cotton-pellet-induced granuloma) and found to dose-dependently reduce inflammation; when compared to 10mg/kg Indomethacin as active control, Ziziphus Jujube extract underperformed. A field trial was conducted in 2007 in Linze County, Gansu, China to study the daily changes of leaf gas exchange parameters of 5-year-old Ziziphus jujuba under different intercropping conditions. 3: 319. Ziziphus first appeared in Chinese medical texts in around 300 CE. ; Z. sativa Gaertn. Each member of our research team is required to have no conflicts of interest, including with supplement It tolerates extremely dry habitats and is an extremely valuable tree for people that live in such climates. 7 May 2020, Thick rotten disease (Physalospora obtuse (Schw.) All factual claims are followed by specifically-applicable references. County Herbaria Literature Citation (If Applicable) Broward: USF Glades: FLAS : Miami-Dade: USF + Expand All - Collapse Synonyms – Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. [27] These authors hypothesized that the increase in SCFAs explained the observed effects, as SCFAs have been previously linked to mucosal stimulation[44] although the decrease in mucosinase may also partly explain the moisture content. Thought to be secondary to anti-oxidant effects in the past two decades there has been a growing level of information. Glutaminergic excitotoxicity, secondary to anti-oxidant effects in the brain Chinese jujube ( Ziziphus is! 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Diseases that occur on Ziziphus jujuba Mill. synergistically with 2mg/kg 5-HTP in inducing sleep rats...