He carried messages with great bravery and success during the whole of the actions at Ypres, Festubert and Givenchy. Afterward, he joined the Algonquin Regiment in the non-permanent active militia and, following in the steps of his father and grandfather, became chief of the Parry Island Band and later a councilor. The 1st Battalion experienced heavy action almost as soon as it arrived on the battlefield. Corporal Francis Pegahmagabow War Accomplishments. The Allies suffered 16,000 casualties at Passchendaele, and Corporal Pegahmagabow earned his first bar to the Military Medal. Native military accomplishments in this country are broad and far-reaching. ONECA is an executive member of the Francis Pegahmagabow Commemoration 2016 Committee, formed to create and install a life-sized bronze sculpture honouring Francis Pegahmagabow, the most highly-decorated First Nations soldier of WW I. Francis Pegahmagabow (1891-1952) was born on March 9, 1891, an Ojibwa of the Wasauksing First Nation of Parry Island, Ontario. Twice he was critically wounded and was awarded the military medal three times. Home Address: Parry Island, Parry Sound, Ontario, Branch of Service: Canadian Expeditionary Force, September 26, 1916 – Pegahmagabow receives a gunshot wound in the left leg. FIRST BRONZE STATUE FOR FRANCIS PEGAHMAGABOW, WW I HERO. Soldiers who had been awarded the Military Medal and later performed similar heroic acts could receive bars to it, denoting further awards. (Page 19), March 19, 1919 – A “Medical History of an Invalid” form indicates that he has “suspected dementia” and is suffering from depression and partial loss of mental function. A blacksmith from Cumberland Hill, Tenn., York was denied status as a conscientious objector and was drafted into the army during World War I. When he’d fought for King and country he’d been treated as an equal, but once the war was over, he faced the same discrimination and … Previously, he had worked along the Great Lakes as a marine fireman for the Department of Marine and Fisheries. This veteran has asked that I write you concerning the possibility of being supplied with his Service button.” (Page 10), June 6, 1950 – He receives in the mail, from the War Service Records office in Ottawa, his Class “A” War Service badge for “[his] service during the Great War 1914-1918.” (Page 101), November 25, 1976 – In addition to the Military Medal, he also received the 1914-15 Star, the British War Medal and the Victory Medal. Among the most highly decorated soldier in Canadian military history, Francis Pegahmagabow was an expert marksman and scout. It would seem his actions are quite normal to one of his race and tribe.” (Page 31), May 2, 1919 – Captain F.F. He joined the 1st Infantry Battalion and left for England on October 3, 1914. Francis Pegahmagabow rarely spoke of his military accomplishments. History largely remembers him as Corp. Francis Pegahmagabow — the deadliest sniper and scout of the First World War, credited with 378 kills and 300 captures. (Pages 36-37), November 17, 1918 – His disabilities are “Exhaustion Psychosis” and “Left Inguinal Hernia”. The commendation reads: “For continuous service as a messenger from February 14th 1915 to February 1916. However, his son Duncan recalls being told that his father was responsible for capturing 300 enemy soldiers. Says the CSM often appeared to be under the influence of drink, that he did not know his duties or his place, that the other NCOs made similar complaints against the CSM…. He was orphaned at any early age and brought up by his First Nations community. However, his son Duncan recalls being told that his father was responsible for capturing 300 enemy soldiers." He also guided the relief to its proper place after it had become mixed up. (Page 76), January 14, 1918 – At Queen Mary’s Hospital for the East End, Stratford, he reports that he has been experiencing chest pain since the previous summer. Never noticed any nervous effects from shocks beyond a few hours paralysis, June 13-16 after shell explodes in his vicinity.” (Pages 21-22), April to May 1919 – A medical case sheet indicates that he is “Very reticent, unwilling to give any information. However, his son Duncan recalls being told that his father was responsible for capturing 300 enemy soldiers." Corporal Francis Pegahmagabow MM and two bars, was an Indigineous Canadian soldier, and the most accomplished sniper of the Great War. (Page 82). ... story (or stories) of Francis Pegahmagabow’s life. In 1943 he became the Supreme Chief of the Native Independent Government, an early First Nations organization. Posted July 21, 2016 in Daily News by Nathan S with 20 Comments Tags: ... For details of his accomplishments, enjoy the video below. A musical journey into the life of the renowned Ojibwe WWI sniper and decorated officer of the Canadian military, Francis Pegahmagabow. It was during his first year on the Western Front that he became one of the first Canadians to be awarded the Military Medal. Roman Catholic. Past authors have portrayed Pegahmagabow alternatively as a warrior, a veteran, and/ 3 A member of Canada's Indian Hall of Fame, Pegahmagabow died on the reserve in 1952. His achievements as a soldier have been widely acclaimed and included in two publications Forgotten Soldiers (Canadian War Museum) and Native Soldiers Foreign Wars (Dept. He enlisted with the Canadian Expeditionary Force at Valcartier, Quebec, on September 15, 1914. He enlisted with the Canadian Expeditionary Force at Valcartier, Quebec, on September 15, 1914. (Page 96), Various dates – He has no next of kin. 22 Casualty Clearing Station he is listed as dangerously ill with pneumonia. The “Best” Sniper From The Great War – Francis Pegahmagabow. Is very desirous of returning to his own people.” However, specialists report “no evidence of mental disease or organic nervous disease. When spoken to he threatened to repeat it.” Later notes indicate that he is behaving quietly but “[has] some rather distorted ideas, if not actual delusions. Tried to get officers to take it up + investigate reasons for CSM’s antagonism. Description: Dark complexion, dark brown eyes, black hair. In case of his death, authorities are to notify Indian Superintendent D.F. He is clear on the point that it is not a delusion….” (Page 57), December 12, 1918 – A medical case sheet documents an altercation with another soldier in his barracks over a towel, stating that Pegahmagabow “struck Pte Grosvenor causing a black eye. “Man states was buried three times and blown up once. However, his son Duncan recalls being told that his father was responsible for capturing 300 enemy soldiers. One vaccination mark left arm. No hallucinations traced. He says that he was held as ‘suspect’ as a mental case, from Nov. 11th 1918, until Jan. 10th 1919. Francis Pegahmagabow rarely spoke of his military accomplishments. Mostly, he sees his father as a peaceful man: "He was always saying how we have to live in harmony with all living things in this world.". Francis Pegahmagabow rarely spoke of his military accomplishments. It is available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. In April 1919, Pegahmagabow invalided to Canada, having served for nearly the entire war. He served briefly as chief of the Parry Island Band in the 1920s, and as councillor from 1933 to 1936. Pegahmagabow returned to Canada at the end of the war, becoming one of the most highly decorated First Nations soldiers for bravery and the most effective sniper of the First World War. Before and after the attack he kept in touch with the flanks, advising the units he had seen, this information proving the success of the attack and saving valuable time in consolidating. Tisdall forwards the contents of a neurological report on Pegahmagabow to the Officer Commanding at the College Military Hospital in Toronto: “This N.C.O. You do not need to be a client of VAC to receive services. (Page 16), May 15, 1950 – A letter written to the War Records Office of the Department of National Defense in Ottawa by the district supervisor of Casualty Welfare at Toronto’s Sunnybrook Hospital reads: “The a/m veteran who has been a patient at this hospital since 24th April 1950 claims that he was never supplied with a Service button for his service during the first World War…. "My mother [Eva] told me he used to go behind enemy lines, rub shoulders with the enemy forces and never get caught." His judgement appears good, and there is no evidence of there being any mental disease, at present time.” He recommends Pegahmagabow be discharged to civil life. Following his convalescence he was promoted to corporal and went to Belgium with his battalion. He was also awarded a 1914–15 Star, the British War Medal and the Victory Medal. My mother [Eva] told me he used to go behind enemy lines, rub shoulders … A musical journey into the life of the renowned Ojibwe WWI sniper and decorated officer of the Canadian military, Francis Pegahmagabow. After several months of training, the battalion arrived in France in February 1915. (Page 4), November 9, 1934 – His Record of Service indicates that he was made a lance-corporal in August 1915, reverted to the rank of private at his own request in September 1916, and was promoted to corporal in November 1917. Within weeks of volunteering, he became one of the original members of the 1st Canadian Infantry Battalion that, along with the rest of the 20,000-strong 1st Canadian Division, landed in France in February 1915. Had bleeding from ears + more at that time but was sent back into line the following day.” The notes indicate that he did not get on well with the “Coy S.M.” (Company Sergeant Major). (Page 25), September to November 1918 – A lengthy note on a medical case sheet relates Pagahmagabow’s own description of his experience in the war: “Was wounded in leg at the Somme 1916. Noted to be the most effective and deadly sniper in the First World War, he is credited with killing 378 Germans and capturing 300 more, using the much-maligned Ross rifle. Francis Pegahmagabow. "My mother [Eva] told me he used to go behind enemy lines, rub shoulders with the enemy forces and never get caught." While serving in the 82nd "My mother [Eva] told me he used to go behind enemy lines, rub shoulders with the enemy forces and never get caught." Francis Pegahmagabow rarely spoke of his military accomplishments. Among other high points, he was renowned for his talents as an effective sniper. November 10, 2014 PARRY SOUND, Ontario – Roger Chum, Chair of Francis Pegahmagabow Commemoration 2016, announces that a life-sized bronze sculpture commemorating Francis Pegahmagabow, the most highly-decorated First Nations soldier of WW I, will be installed in Parry Sound, Ontario, in June 2016. Appears to be suspicious of everyone. Duncan also remembers that Pegahmagabow "felt very strongly about his country." His accomplishments as the most decorated Canadian Aboriginal soldier for bravery, and the most prolific sniper in North American military history, are noteworthy. -Francis Pegahmagabow was the First Nations soldier most highly decorated for bravery in Canadian military history and the most effective sniper of World War I. With two British divisions, the Canadian Corps attacked and took the village, holding it for five days, until reinforcements arrived. March 24, 2015 NAUGHTON, Ontario – Roger Chum, President of the Ontario Native Education Counselling Association (ONECA), is asking Canadians to help honour Francis Pegahmagabow, the most highly-decorated First Nations soldier of the Great War. His service file includes many records related to his mental state. It fought at Ypres, where the enemy introduced a new deadly weapon, poison gas, and on the Somme, where Pegahmagabow was shot in the leg. He recovered and made it back in time to return with his unit to Belgium. A scout and a very effective sniper during WW1 was Corporal Francis Pegahmagabow, who was an Ojibwa warrior with the Canadians. When war broke out in 1914, Pegahmagabow, then a 24-year-old orphaned member of the Wasauksing First Nation, joined the Army to do his part to defend Canada. (Pages 34-35), November 11, 1918 – He is admitted to the hospital ship, November 11, 1918 – Notes on a medical case sheet indicate that he “[h]as only a moderate degree of insight. The commendation reads: "During the operations of August 30, 1918, at Orix Trench, near Upton Wood, when his company were almost out of ammunition and in danger of being surrounded, this NCO went over the top under heavy MG [machine gun] and rifle fire and brought back sufficient ammunition to enable the post to carry on and assist in repulsing heavy enemy counter-attacks.". However, his son Duncan recalls being told that his father was responsible for capturing 300 enemy soldiers. ONECA leads a committee dedicated to creating the first life-sized bronze sculpture honouring the legendary war hero from Wasauksing First […] Production of an educational video about Pegahmagabow, and aboriginal … Nathan S. One of TFB’s resident Jarheads, Nathan now works within the firearms industry. Four months later, he found himself in the trenches where he became a scout, messenger and a sniper of unequalled skill. Francis Pegahmagabow is perhaps the best known Indigenous (Anishnaabe) soldier of the First World War. Was wounded four times, but only once received treatment. Welcome to my blog about my newest book Sounding Thunder: The Stories of Francis Pegahmagabow.Francis was my great-grandfather and an undisputedly great man. Got buried at Somme Sept 1916. Shortly after, he developed pneumonia and was hospitalized in England. Pegahmagabow was one of 39 members of the Canadian Expeditionary Force who received two bars in addition to the Military Medal. ... Much is known of his military and post-war life, many having written of his accomplishments on the battlefield, his political activism, and most recently his enduring commitment to his people, culture and language. Very slight degree of retardation present….” He also complains of pain from a hernia. The main character of Canadian writer Joseph Boyden’s award-winning novel Three Day Road was inspired, in part, by Pegahmagabow, who also appears as a minor character in the book. Pegahmagabow, an Ojibwa warrior who fought with the Canadians in battles like those at Mount Sorrel, Passchendaele and The Scarpe, is credited with 378 kills as a sniper. It is difficult to overstate CSM Pegahmagabow’s accomplishments. Here, roughly 20,000 Allied soldiers crawled from shell crater to shell crater, through water and mud. Alvin York, celebrated American hero of World War I, immortalized by the film version of his life story, Sergeant York (1941). accomplishments on the battlefield, while the use of tobacco helped maintain the Spirit that fuelled his physical and mental strength. Pegahmagabow enlisted with the 23rd Regiment (Northern Pioneers) in August 1914, almost immediately after war was declared. (Page 41), October 3, 1915 – He sails from Quebec to England on the SS, December 13, 1917 – A note indicates that he was promoted to Corporal in the field on November 1, 1917. It is difficult to overstate CSM Pegahmagabow’s accomplishments. My mother [Eva] told me he used to go behind enemy lines, rub shoulders with the enemy forces and never get caught. (Page 4), December 1917 – On December 19 at No. Francis Pegahmagabow was one of the most highly decorated Indigenous soldiers of the First World War. MacDonald of Parry Sound and Miss C. J. Holland of Owen Sound, Ontario. During the First World War, Francis was awarded the Military Medal and earned two bars. Corporal Francis Pegahmagabow was also awarded the 1914-1915 Star, the British War Medal, and the Victory Medal. Francis Pegahmagabow rarely spoke of his military accomplishments. He “talks rationally” but has frequent headaches and “seems to have full consciousness of surroundings during sleep. A simple and secure way to do business online with Veterans Affairs Canada. By December 29 his condition is slightly improved. Date of Birth: March 9, 1891 (Shawanaga, Parry Island, Ontario), Date of Attestation: September 15, 1914 (Valcartier, Quebec). He is reticent, however, and his real attitude + ideas cannot be clearly elicited on any of these doubtful points.” He is said to have expressed “delusions of personal power + influence” in a letter written to a lady in Yorkshire. Memory good. ordered him to change his post without it being in written orders….” The captain later writes: “There is no evidence, at the present time, of any delusions of persecution, and he has no hallucinations. Very quickly, Pegahmagabow’s exceptional abilities as a scout and sniper were recognized. Maj. and the Captain were down on him, and that the senior N.C.O. It was sometime later, during the early 1960s, that I had first heard anything about Francis’ World War I accomplishments, and it was from William “Bill” Wheatley. (Page 6), May 13, 1919 – He is discharged due to demobilization. However, his son Duncan recalls being told that his father was responsible for capturing 300 enemy soldiers. Remembrance Dog Tags: Fallen Indigenous Service Members. 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