Prior to the discovery of gold dust by James W. Marshall on January 24, 1848, there was minimum contact between indigenous Northern Californians and peoples of Anglo-Saxon, Celtic, or Caucasian ethnicities. The Spanish conquerors brutally abused and exploited the Native Americans, many of whom died from mistreatment at the hands of their Spanish masters. With the advantage of having gunpowder, the Spanish were able to relatively easily conquer the indigenous peoples in the Americas. Such an empowerment clearly meant that along with Spanish law, governance, language, and culture, the Roman Catholic religion, too, would cross from Europe to the Americas and that the king of Spain would engage in the spread of Christianity to the native peoples … Spanish explorers introduced many new ideas, technologies, animals, plants, and even diseases to the native people in the Americas. Baja California became the northwest limit of Spanish colonization, and even there, efforts to settle the area and bring native tribes to Christianity and European ways were halfhearted at best. What examples of new things can you find in this image? The Spanish progressively restricted and outright forbade the enslavement of Native Americans in the early years of the Spanish Empire with the Laws of … The Spanish colonization of the Americas began under the Crown of Castile and spearheaded by the Spanish conquistadors.The Americas were invaded and incorporated into the Spanish Empire, with the exception of Brazil, British America, and some small regions in South America and the Caribbean.The crown created civil and religious structures to administer this vast … Where Native peoples were often taken by surprise, at least at first, by contact with Europeans, colonizers were armed with knowledge about other Indian peoples. The period of conquest did not end with initial Spanish victories over native civilizations. The Spanish fought through thousands of indigenous insurgents and across canals to flee the city, where they regrouped, enlisted more native allies, captured Spanish reinforcements, and, in 1521, besieged the island city. After Christopher Columbus tried to reach Asia in 1492 by sailing west of Africa, the Old World’s view of the planet changed. Instead of placating the Spanish, this evidence of great wealth fueled their dreams of conquering the indigenous people, raiding their treasures, taking control of their land with its gold and silver mines, and becoming rich beyond their wildest dreams. Smallpox ravaged the city. Slavery in the Spanish American colonies was an economic and social institution which existed throughout the Spanish Empire.In its American territories, it initially bound indigenous people and later slaves of African origin.. How did Spanish exploration and colonization affect New Mexico’s native population? In order to fully understand the Spanish conquest of the Americas, one must take into account pretty much the entire sixteenth century as well as the end of the previous century. Another point is the Spanish military training; the American civilizations had no military training that matched the strict codes of the European countries, so the precision of the Spanish helped them conquer. The Spaniard’s eighty-five day siege cut off food and fresh water. Resentment often built up and native resistance movements sprung up.