A Brief History of Unconventional Warfare. Introduction. The issue of legitimacy is complex, but the de facto standard of government legitimacy involves the ability to occupy and control territory—one of the ways we define a nation-state. Anyone who has seen Hamilton: An American Musical knows that George Washington’s ragtag Continental army effectively employed this strategy against the larger and better-trained British forces in Boston and Yorktown. Even if this has not happened in the person’s life, it does not change God’s original design. It is they who have the greatest need and desire to foster legitimacy in war by getting the politics-law-strategy nexus right, as well as developing a clear understanding of the relationship between war and war crimes, and calibrating where war becomes a war crime. The concept of legitimacy is central to Western writing on counterinsurgency. First, it introduces the ideal types of domination of Weber. IW favors indirect and asymmetric approaches, though it may employ the full range of military and other capabilities, in order to … This doc-trinal conception of IW does not sufficiently describe maritime roles in such operations, however. CIWAG's aim is to make these cutting edge research studies available to various professional curricula that assist professionals preparing to meet the complex challenges of the post-9/11 world, while aiding the work of operators, practitioners, and scholars of irregular warfare. In irregular warfare, legitimacy, credibility, and political advantage is the prize and military efforts are only relevant insofar as they serve these goals. How does this support or undermine the legitimacy and authority of the state? For despite these trends, or perhaps because of them, scientific evidence about the nature, legitimacy, and ethics of new … The spirit was designed to lead, and it needs to know that. Dialogue is key, considering that the target of irregular warfare is legitimacy in the eyes of the host population, he said. Irregular warfare is commonly seen as a competition over a relevant population’s perception of legitimacy, and the concern with the drone strikes is whether they are in fact contributing toward blending of conventional and irregular approaches across the full spectrum of conflict. While this JOC does not presume to tell other agencies how to conduct their activities to counter irregular threats, it does identify what the joint force must do to support a whole-of-government effort. Field Manual (FM) 3-24, Counterinsurgency, notes: "Political power is the central issue in insurgencies and counterinsurgencies; each side aims to get the people to accept its governance or authority as legitimate." (6) The United States and other countries affected by irregular warfare, which possess the requisite power-projection "The Failed State" (1995). The Israeli reaction was limited to local acts of retaliations against Hezbollah positions. This special issue sets out to explore the implications of such movements for ethics in public management, theory and practice. Contrary to the received wisdom, which knows only “three ideal types” (traditional, charismatic and legal rational) I present the “fourth” type of domination, Weber called “Wille der Beherrschten” as an important correction of his ideal type of legal-rational authority. The first three relate, respectively, to three principal dimensions of IW: (1) human terrain and the centrality of the population in IW, (2) civilian-military actions and the critical importance in IW of establishing unity of effort from disparate organizations, and (3) the HNG whose stability and legitimacy in At times we may also speak to the issue of authority, explaining to the spirit that it was designed by God to walk in dominion over the soul. (source: Nielsen Book Data) The American track record with irregular warfare suffers from historically typical tendencies. Much has been said and written in recent weeks about the changed nature of “warfare” as it pertains to responding to the attacks on the Pentagon and the World Trade Center. Indeed, the Navy Irregular Warfare Office defines IW as follows: Figure 2.1 Irregular warfare (IW) is defined as a violent struggle among state and non-state actors for legitimacy and influence over the relevant populations. Second, fighting irregular warfare requires an irregular battle plan: our forces must be agile and unpredictable, and we must manipulate the battle space in our favor. 1. MILITARY LEGITIMACY AND LEADERSHIP JOURNAL Issue #1 – March 2009 ... civil affairs relate to strategic political objectives, and how the misuse of military power can ... irregular warfare and shares many of the attributes of foreign internal defense, or FID. 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