The most important document to research a field park company is its war diary. They stayed in Palestine until March 1948 and then finally returned to England for a well-earned rest. They trained at the Royal Engineers Depot in Chatham or the RE Mounted Depot at Aldershot WW2, RE's as they did in WW1, maintained the railways, roads, water supply, bridges and transport etc'. 47th FIELD DRESSING STATION. Trying to locate information regarding the 878th Airborne Engineer Battalion (HQ's) during WWII. This job was given to No. 1943 . The 9th Field Company, Royal Engineers (The Shiny 9th), were gliderborne troops who saw action throughout World War II. 53 rd Brigade Group Company. However, only a fraction of the archive has been digitized. Two other gliders also had trouble on the first day, chalk number 383 had to return and made a good landing at Keevil and chalk number 385 had towrope trouble and cast off at 1000 feet and also made a good landing. The next few weeks saw the Company functioning as a dock-operating unit, taking charge of the day-to-day organisation and running of the port. Spr. Each infantry division had three Royal Engineers field companies on its establishment. 287 Field Company. After the war Major Winchester found out that he had been wounded and taken prisoner during that action and later taken to Oflag VIIB. 1 Platoon and both glider pilots. 54th Field Company, Royal Engineers Feb 1944 In early February 1944 preparations began for the 2nd Chindit Expedition. The stores which a company carried were 435 axes, pick and 860 shovels. VIII Corps Troops, Royal Engineers was a battalion-sized unit of Royal Engineers attached to the British Army's VIII Corps Headquarters in World War II. The Field Company was the standard unit of the Royal Engineers within any infantry division during the Second World War, with its equivalent in an armoured division being an field squadron. Towards the end of October three Officers and thirty-six Other Ranks were sent from the Company to work with the 5th (Scottish) Parachute Battalion in the Foggia area. While they attacked along the railway embankment a Platoon from C Company, 2nd Parachute Battalion put in an attack along the riverbank. Shortly after this the 1st Airborne Division was disbanded and the Squadron was transferred to the 6th Airborne Division and on 16 September the squadron left for Palestine. WW2 People's War Homepage Archive List ... posted to 184 Field Company (Royal Engineers). Finding no explosives on the bridge the Company rejoined the advance to the road bridge. The fighting at the road bridge had become continuous and increasingly more brutal. The two parts of the glider crashed into the valley and exploded on impact killing all twenty-one Sappers and NCOs from No. During the night the party at the ferry site was heavily attacked and was forced to withdraw to the Border Regiment positions. ... 1/ 3 rd Field Company (517) 1/ 4 th Field Company (518) 2/ 2 nd London ... (TA) on transfer to the Royal Engineers under. with ten serving with headquarters, seven in the workshop section, thirty-five with the bridging section and fifteen in the field stores section. Of the 194 men who went into the battle in 22 Horsa gliders, 44 were killed in action, 79 were posted missing, and 71 were evacuated across the River Rhine after 9 days of vicious fighting. The weather over Norway began to deteriorate and became an almost ‘white out’; this and communication problems with the homing device and the radios caused great problems for the mission. It can be difficult to find out which division a field park company served with as the orders of battle are kept at the National Archives. During the evening, a shell exploded in the house on Benedendorpsweg near the old church killing Corporal Henry Pink and wounding Sapper Cyril R. Williams, Sapper Wilson was also wounded in the same area at about this time, they were all members of No. In particular, this site is designed to help those sappers with common interests and experiences to connect, by being easily … This war diary will contain information on all Royal Engineers units within that division and you’ll often find appendices which are missing from a field park company’s war diary. In excess of 337,000 British and French troops were evacuated to Britain in this operation, but the cost in material was huge. Rock, a Royal Engineer, although he was given no detailed plan or policy. Throughout September 1940, the Company spent much of their time laying minefields along the Cornish coast, from Bude to Barnstable. They then moved to Lesdain to destroy forty barges on the river as the enemy were advancing at an alarming rate. The headquarters of the newly formed 1st Airborne Division was established under the command of General Headquarters Home Forces on the 1st November 1941 with its first commander being Major-General F.A.M. The War Office casualty lists record soldiers who were killed, died while in service, went missing, were taken prisoner or wounded. The airborne sabotage troops were put to battle and wiped out to the last man’. Captain Heggie returned from his duties at the ferry site with seven men and reported to Major Winchester that two men had been killed; they were Driver R. J. Gwilliam and Sapper T. O. Morris. He found no friendly troops on the south bank, but after travelling ten miles in the darkness through enemy territory he contacted a small bridgehead north of Nijmegen. 288 Field Company. However, with the end of the War in Europe, the Company were sent to Norway as part of a multinational force to oversee the surrender of 400,000 German troops. A field company was a unit of the Royal Engineers which was usually found serving as part of an infantry division during the Second World War. It built the first British bridges across the Rhine and the Elbe after the assault crossings in March and April 1945 and continued in British Army of the Rhine after the end of … 200th FIELD AMBULANCE. The Company took transport to Philipeville about one hundred miles West of Bizerta where they loaded their equipment on board the SS ‘Duchess of Bedford’, more affectionately known as the ‘Drunken Duchess’ and sailed for England arriving on the 12th December 1943 at Liverpool. The orders were explicit; the company had to remove their distinctive red berets and their Pegasus shoulder flashes and on landing the group faced a five or six hour forced march. The 2nd Parachute Squadron joined on 11 November, the 3rd Parachute Squadron on 19 January 1943 and the 4th Parachute Squadron on 19 June of the same year. The tank crew were all killed. 186th FIELD AMBULANCE. The Company were off the Algerian coast on 22nd April docking at Mers-el-Kabir at 2000 hrs, then travelled by road and rail to Perregaux. This entailed the Major having to cross and recross the main road several times a day to report to the Divisional Headquarters and in the Majors words “I had to do a smart sprint, avoiding debris and fallen branches and dodging the machine gun and sniper fire to reach the cellar, where the Div HQ was established”. Ammunition was now becoming scarce and food and water nonexistent, but No. There is a plaque in a little room in the Eusebius church to the memory of those men of No. The 9th (Airborne) Field Company was now commanded by Major J. Winchester, a tough and experienced officer. Major Winchester had to provide two detachments, each of an Officer and two jeep loads of Sappers and equipment to assist the Reconnaissance Squadron in the Coup- de- Main at the main road bridge in Arnhem. The Company were now in and around ‘De Sonnenberg’, a large house located on the Sonnenberglaan in the small village of Oosterbeek. The company was gathered together and moved to Monmouth. After a short leave in England the Company was sent to India as part of the Far East Advance Party in preparation for operations in Malaya, but on 6 August 1945 the worlds first atomic device bombed Hiroshima. Gardner and Sergeant R.A. Fraser suddenly became unstable and seconds later broke in two. Recently we've had some new members who served King and Country during World War 2. They were also involved in railway repairs and the construction of defence positions around the docks perimeter. The Company was moved around the country on various tasks, including the building of pillboxes, anti-tank obstacles and the laying of road metals. About 0100 hrs on Thursday September 1944, Captain O’Callaghan with Sergeant E. W. Gibbons, Corporal A. The Squadron’s beginnings go back to 1787 when the Chatham Company of the ‘Royal Military Artificers’ was raised. 505th Field Company, RE. After a short period of reorganisation they were once more on the move, this time to Chipping Sudbury, just north of Bristol. The 1st Airlanding Brigade’s headquarters and other units were scattered around the area of Mascara on the plains north of the Atlas Mountains. Royal Engineers . The next day after heavy shelling and mortaring the unit’s house was attacked by self-propelled guns and infantry and it was no longer possible to defend the position. Green was taken to the south bank by members of Captain Heggie’s party. The Company also developed a method for travelling in convoy at night in total blackout conditions, called the ‘convoy light’. At this time the Company built a three-room house complete with a staircase, toilet and lighting and gave demonstrations on the techniques of booby traps and explosives. Apart from their port tasks the Company were also engaged in the daily ‘pack train’ from Taranto to the forward railhead positions of the Division. This was met with withering fire from the now well dug in defenders and the attack was repulsed with heavy casualties for the Germans. On the 10 May Belgium and Holland were invaded and the Company were sent off at 0430 hrs for Calonne in Belgium to convert two bridges for the use of motor transport. There were also five trailers. The plan for the Company was to fly to Holland with the first lift in gliders and land with Divisional troops west of Wolfheze. As a last duty the 2nd Field Park Company marked the haven with a tall wooden cross, on which was superimposed a crusader’s sword (Kerry and McDill, v. II, p. 178). 2nd Field Company (8th Division) 11 names . 149th FIELD AMBULANCE. On 18 November the Company packed up to return to North Africa, once again in an American Tank Landing Ship, the Company had a very rough trip across the Mediterranean, which took four days to complete. This left Major Winchester as the acting CRE and he also remained as sector commander for the perimeter defence. In the late afternoon of 9 July at 1830 hrs the Company, along with the other 127 American Waco and British Horsa gliders that would take the 1st Airlanding Brigade, took off from six different airfields for the three and a half hour flight to Sicily. The 5th Field Company was a regular field company of the Royal Engineers which spent the duration of the war serving with the 2nd Infantry Division. The service records are held by the Ministry of Defence and I’ve written a detailed guide on how to order one. The British element consisted of the 1st Airborne Division, less 1st Parachute Brigade, but with the Special Air Service Brigade under command. from the Royal Army Service Corps and a light aid detachment from the Royal Army Ordnance Corps. After the tragic Operation freashman, the Company sailed to North Africa to prepare for the airborne assault on Sicily (9th July 1943). The war diaries of the division’s three field companies may also contain information regarding the division’s field park company. In the Kaiser Battle of March 1918 the Company carried out defensive duties at the village of Roeux near Arras. On the 28 September the company embarked from Southampton on the troopship Royal Sovereign and sailed for France as part of the BEF. These consisted of seven Willy’s jeeps and trailers, seven 500cc or 750cc heavy motorcycle combinations (one for each officer), five lightweight 250cc motorcycles for despatch riders and a folding bicycle for each Sapper. The Wartime Memories Project is the original WW1 and WW2 commemoration website. They remained at Chatham for a number of years mainly employed in fortification work. With roots going back to 1787, the Company became "Airborne" in May 1942. The remainder of the year was taken up with training exercises in and around the Salisbury Plain area. 125 th Anti-Tank Regiment . Corporal Pink was wounded in the face and he and the rest of the survivors made their way back to the Oosterbeek church and joined ‘Lonsdale Force.’. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Any trade tests a soldier passed will also be recorded in the file giving you a greater insight into their role within a unit. British Army Uniform British Uniforms British Soldier 40k Armies War Of 1812 Napoleonic Wars British History Troops Red Coats We are looking for volunteers to help with researching the activities of units of the Royal Artillery, Royal Engineers, Territorial Force, Regular Army, Pals Battalions, Kitchener's New Armies, Voluntary Organisations and the Ships of the Royal Navy. 2 Platoon commanded by Captain Eric O’Callaghan had landed complete and was ordered to proceed to the railway bridge. Its strength was amply illustrated in subsequent days of fighting as we were never forced to give a yard of ground”. The company returned to Britain in 1924 and in the General Strike of 1926, they ran essential civilian services, such as bus driving, and also helped to keep other important services running. But in true Royal Engineer tradition, he got on with his job and ‘The Central Landing School’ was formed at Ringway Airport. Blacksmiths, Electricians, and Plumbers and Pipe Fitters. On 30 August plans for airborne operations began in earnest to support the armies in France. The objectives were to secure brides and road junction’s prier to the main invasion forces in Sicily. The company was commanded by a Captain who along with two subalterns, Lieutenants or Second Lieutenants served with the headquarters. This was a simple device consisting of a small light underneath the rear bumper to illuminate the rear axle, so the driver behind could follow. 2 company had been carrying out exercises in the woods around Wolfheze when the airborne landings had taken place; it was these men that No. The Company’s area was at a place called Tizi where they were detailed to find enough water for the Division, dig Brigade’s latrines and several other tasks. 2nd Infantry Divisional Royal Engineers HQ; 5th Field Company, Royal Engineers 208th (Sussex) Field Company, Royal Engineers 506th Field Company, Royal Engineers 21st Field Park Company, Royal Engineers Commander Royal Army Service Corps, 2nd Division Seven Drivers Internal Combustion (I.C.) The company also cleared and repaired bomb damage in Salerno and also cleared away around 700 mines and numerous roadblocks. ALL THE PICTURES BELOW CAN BE CLICKED ON TO ENLARGE, The History of the 9th (Airborne) Field Company Royal Engineers 1939-1945. Also serving with an infantry division were three field companies. Each infantry division had three Royal Engineers field companies on its establishment. The second part looks at how you can research both a field park company and those who served with it. Altogether the 1st Airlanding Brigade lost more than fifty gliders and nearly 400 men perished. 265th (Sussex) Field Park Company, Royal Engineers 290th (Staffordshire) Army Troops Company, Royal Engineers 291st (South Staffordshire) Army Troops Company, Royal Engineers 2 Platoon had been defending had been set on fire by mortar and shellfire and they had to evacuate to new positions across the road at the corner of Markstraat and Hofstraat. 48th FIELD DRESSING STATION. I also offer a copying service for these documents. Shortly after this discovery a German self-propelled gun attacked the small party and leaving Lance Sergeant Hugh Lake at the position, the rest of the party retreated to the Artillery positions near the ‘Old church’ and dug in by an old stonewall. 560 Field Company. 2 Platoon took their chance and dashed across the Eusebiusplein at the double, drawing fire as they crossed. It served with 21st Army Group during the campaign in North West Europe 1944–45. The men of the renamed 9th Airborne Squadron, Royal Engineers commandeered German trucks and drove to the Norwegian capital where they set up their command headquarters at Smestad near Oslo. Secondly, Major Winchester had to put one platoon with the Clarke Crawler bulldozer and a detachment of the 261st Field Park Company, Royal Engineers and clear the landing zones of vehicles ready for further landings over the next two days of the operation. 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