China remained the world’s leading executioner – but the true extent of the use of the death penalty in China is unknown as this data is classified as a state secret; the global figure of at least 657 excludes th… The five countries with the highest homicide rates who also have legal capital punishment are Jamaica, El Salvador*, Guatemala, Trinidad & Tobago and Lesotho, with an average between them of 46.6 homicides per 100,000 people. The public opinion on the death penalty varies considerably by country and by the crime in question. For the first time in almost a decade, the Asia-Pacific region saw a decrease in the number of executing countries, with seven countries carrying out executions during the year. | 8 of the top 11 countries by death penalty > abolition date are European. Please explain. In 2016, two countries, Guinea and Nauru, abolished the penalty. Throughout the years following the first execution, criminal behaviors have begun to deteriorate. Amnesty International recorded at least 2,307 death sentences in 56 countries compared to the total of 2,531 reported in 54 countries in 2018. What becomes clear is the large differences in death rates between countries: rates are high across Latin America – in particular, El Salvador, Venezuela, Honduras, Guatemala, and Mexico. Outside the USA, the progress towards ending the use of the death penalty continued. There were 707 recorded death sentences in 2019, a 40% drop compared to 2018, when 1,170 death sentences were recorded in the region. At least 26,604 people were known to be under sentence of death globally at the end of 2019. Executions in Iraq almost doubled from at least 52 in 2018 to at least 100 in 2019, while Saudi Arabia executed a record number of people from 149 in 2018 to 184 in 2019. Is there a difference in the change in crime rates from one year to the other? Your choice regarding cookies on this site The Philippines attempted to reintroduce the death penalty for “heinous crimes related to illegal drugs and plunder”. Which countries use the death penalty and which don’t? Barbados removed the mandatory death penalty from its constitution while Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Belize, Cuba, Dominica, Guatemala, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis and Saint Lucia did not have anyone on death row and no reports of new death sentences. | List of World’s Top 10 Countries With the Lowest Crime Rates 2020 Bangladesh and Bahrain resumed executions last year, after a hiatus in 2018. It is clearly a contentious issue and one that does not necessarily have an easy answer.