By the early decades of the 20th century, it had a majority-black population, but whites dominated politically and economically. for questions or payments please contact the alabama traffic safety center at traffic.alacourt.gov/ or call toll free (866) 954-9399. cases may be paid with credit card by calling (877)252-7294. payments must reach the clerk’s office before your court date. While they were nominally still eligible in the mid-20th century for jury duty, they were overwhelmingly excluded by white administrators from juries into the 1950s. [16] The county emerged from bankruptcy in December 2013, following the approval of a bankruptcy plan by the United States bankruptcy court for the Northern District of Alabama, writing off more than $1.4 billion of the debt.[17][18][19]. 1.2. It allows the county to be set up a zoning system for land use, maintain the sanitary sewer, sewerage systems and highways, provide for garbage and trash disposal, and to enforce taxation (except for property taxes). See all 656 apartments and houses for rent in Jefferson County, AL, including cheap, affordable, luxury and pet-friendly rentals. Jefferson County has a land area of about 1,119 square miles (2,900 km2). Zillow has 3,117 homes for sale in Jefferson County AL. 2100 18th Street South, Birmingham, AL 35209. In the 1950s KKK chapters bombed black-owned houses in Birmingham to discourage residents moving into new middle-class areas. The white-dominated legislature passed a new constitution in 1901 that disenfranchised most blacks and many poor whites, excluding them totally from the political system. The Probate Court of Jefferson County, Alabama serves over 700,000 citizens helping them in each life state from birth to marriage to death. It attracted numerous rural migrants, both black and white, for its new jobs. [20] It is the fifth-largest county in Alabama by land area. White mobs committed 29 lynchings in the county, most around the turn of the century at a time of widespread political suppression of blacks in the state. Contribute, create and discover gravesites from all over the world. [15] This action was valued at $4.2 billion, with debts of $3.14 billion relating to sewer work; it was then the most costly municipal bankruptcy ever in the U.S. It has continued to grow by annexing neighboring towns and villages, including North Birmingham. Parts within Birmingham are served by Birmingham City Schools. In 2007 Jefferson County had the highest rate of syphilis cases per 100,000 in the US, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.[32]. Altogether, 83.9% of the population was claimed as members by religious congregations, although members of historically African-American denominations were underrepresented due to incomplete information. Find your local fire station. Information includes adderess, phone number and paid/volunteer staffing statistics. Birmingham is the location of the Birmingham-Shuttlesworth International Airport, which provides service, either direct or connecting, to most of the rest of the United States. In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.80% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. [8] The County requested Chapter 9 relief under federal statute 11 U.S.C. Jefferson County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of Alabama, located in the central portion of the state. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. In Jefferson County there are a lot of bars, restaurants, coffee shops, and parks. Jefferson County is located in Alabama with a population of 659,892. Sales tax on many items within the county can be as high as 12%. Certain elected county officials maintain offices in the Bessemer annex, such as the Assistant Tax Collector, the Assistant Tax Assessor, and the Assistant District Attorney. Jefferson County Schools. Jefferson County Unified Command Center Update for December 23, 2020: https://bit.ly/3pk375T. As of May 2012[update], Jefferson County had slashed expenses and reduced employment of county government workers by more than 700. It said that young people with mental illnesses were locked in solitary confinement for months at a time. [37], In 2010 statistics, the largest religious group in Jefferson County was the SBC Baptists with 185,650 members in 272 congregations, followed by 69,878 non-denominational adherents with 170 congregations, 67,313 NBC Baptists with 117 congregations, 55,083 Catholics in the Archdiocese of Birmingham with 32 parishes, 43,422 UMC Methodists with 86 congregations, 15,899 CoG–Cleveland, Tennessee Pentecostals with 45 congregations, 14,025 TEC Episcopalians with 17 congregations, 11,267 CoC Christians with 69 congregations, 11,171 CoGiC Pentecostals with 16 congregations, and 9,472 AME Methodists with 42 congregations. Jefferson County, AL has 118 Fire Departments and Fire Stations. The state of Alabama sales tax was 4% at the time and Jefferson County's was 2% in total. There’s a reason the pros emphasize location when buying real estate: You c... A pre-approval letter from a lender makes your offer stronger. About 11.60% of families and 14.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.20% of those under age 18 and 12.70% of those age 65 or over. Whether you are looking for homes for sale, new homes, apartments finder, guides and rentals, foreclosures or apartment communities for rent, find all Jefferson County real estate for sale or rent in Alabama on AL.com. As Birmingham industrialized, its growth accelerated, particularly after 1890. According to the 2010 census, there are 658,466 people living in the area, making it the most populated county in the state. Inmate Inquiry. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Jefferson, AL. Welcome to Jefferson County Schools! For every 100 females, there were 89.20 males. He said, "You can work a man pretty good with a piece of pipe and never mark him. [42] The pattern of residential and economic segregation has occurred in many parts of the country, including economic segregation of poorer whites. By votes in the commission, the commissioners are given executive responsibilities for the various county departments, which fall under the categories of "Roads and Transportation", "Community Development", "Environmental Services", "Health and Human Services", "Technology and Land Development", and "Finance and General Services". The fees and penalty charges increased the cost so the county in 2011 had $3.2 billion outstanding. A 1973 Commission had recommended that all counties be granted home rule under the state constitution, but the state legislature has refused to give up its control over local affairs. In February 2011, Lesley Curwen of the BBC World Service interviewed David Carrington, the newly appointed president of the County Commission, about the risk of defaulting on bonds issued to finance "what could be the most expensive sewage system in history. Digital version at FamilySearch Digital Library. There is also one switching and terminal railroad, Alabama Warrior Railway.[44]. They entered politics in the city, county and state after the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was passed. The county eventually declared bankruptcy in 2011. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. "Department of Justice Announces Investigation of the Jefferson County Jail in Birmingham, Alabama", "County Membership Report Jefferson County (Alabama)", "Social Capital Variables Spreadsheet for 2014", Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections, "Looting Main Street: How the nation's biggest banks are ripping off American cities with the same predatory deals that brought down Greece", The Sewer of Gold and other famous crooks, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jefferson_County,_Alabama&oldid=995045361, Government units that have filed for Chapter 9 bankruptcy, Articles with dead external links from November 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from May 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2013, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Tuscaloosa County and (a very short boundary with). Sewerage and water rates had increased more than 300% in the 15 years before 2011, causing severe problems for the poor in Birmingham and the county. Early county seats were established first at Carrollsville (1819 – 21), then Elyton (1821 – 73). Some municipal sales taxes reach 4%. [3], In mid-2015, the Department of Justice announced an investigation of the conditions imposed on juveniles in the county jail. Home values for neighborhoods near Jefferson County, AL, Home values for cities near Jefferson County, AL, Home values for counties near Jefferson County, AL, Home values for zips near Jefferson County, AL. In Jefferson County, most residents own their homes. Jefferson County is the central county of the Birmingham-Hoover, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is in the center of the (former) iron, coal, and limestone mining belt of the Southern United States. Whether you are a current or prospective resident, business owner, or visitor, we hope this portal will connect you with your county government needs. The county seat and largest city is Birmingham. The Commissioners are elected from single-member districts. As of the 2010 census, its population was 658,466. Jefferson County, Alabama. Jefferson County Unified Command Center Update for December 30, 2020: https://bit.ly/2WX3tTY. Jefferson County is one of the eight counties in Alabama with a limited-form of home rule government. Don't Neglect These 6 Maintenance Tasks - Or Else, Debunked! That city had long been a center of iron and steel production in Great Britain. The prison includes one of the two Alabama death rows for men. On Monday, January 4, 2021, deputies working in the Jefferson County Jail were performing their standard counts during... read more. Carrington said one of the problems was that elected officials had welcomed scheduling with very low early payments so long as peak payments occurred after they left office. [39], As a reaction to the US Supreme Court's ruling in Brown v Board of Education in 1954, that segregated public schools were unconstitutional, both state and local officials took steps to preserve de facto educational segregation. [41] Cities in the county that have established their own school systems are Gardendale, Bessemer, Fairfield, Midfield, Trussville, Homewood, Leeds, Hoover, Vestavia Hills, Tarrant, and Mountain Brook. N. | Birmingham, AL 35203 Phone: (205) 325-5355 | Hours: 8:00 am – 5:00 pm, Monday - Friday But they had the opposite effect, increasing the county's indebtedness to the point that it had to declare bankruptcy. The racial makeup of the county was 58.10% White, 39.36% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.90% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. §921. Jefferson County filed for bankruptcy on November 9, 2011. the majority of the county's diverse geography.[21]. According to the 2010 United States Census, residents of metropolitan Jefferson County identified as the following: As of the census[27] of 2000, there were 662,047 people, 263,265 households, and 175,861 families residing in the county. The African-American community quickly rebuilt the damaged church. Jan 4, 2021 | News. One former jailer, who started work for the Jefferson County Convict Department in 1919, described beatings, the administration of laxatives, and confinement in a tiny two-by-three-foot cell, as well as beatings with rubber hoses. Our vision is to be characterized by the use of best practices resulting in effectively providing for … "It’s my great pleasure to welcome you to the Alabama Department of Human Resources website. Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton also carried the county in 2016, with a majority of 51.5 percent.[43]. Mountain Law's Birmingham Business Law Blog: Is Jefferson County’s Continued Collection of Its Occupational Tax Valid? Jefferson County emerged from bankruptcy in December 2013, following the approval of a bankruptcy plan by the United States bankruptcy court for the Northern District of Alabama, writing off more than $1.4 billion of the debt. Two extremely controversial undertakings by county officials in the 2000s resulted in the county having debt of $4 billion. [11] In early March 2008, Moody's followed suit and indicated that it would also review the county's ability to meet other bond obligations. Corruption was found among six county commissioners. The average household size was 2.45, and the average family size was 3.04. Others were housed with adult prisoners who raped them. Some of the hottest neighborhoods near Jefferson County, AL are Highland Park, Crestline, Forest Park, Crestwood South, Crestwood North. The Jefferson County Unified Command Center will provide regular COVID-19 updates every Wednesday.