Libytheana carinenta – American Snout Butterfly. You kindly identified one for me a few years ago. This excess of males may have been from a prior generation and better 1920. A large, cloud-type migration in 1971 followed widespread, heavy rains in southern and central Texas. tracked up through south Texas. Full text of "CAUSAL ANALYSIS OF A MIGRATION OF THE SNOUT BUTTERFLY LIBYTHEANA-BACHMANII-LARVATA LIBYTHEIDAE" See other formats Jmirnal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 37 ( 2 ), 1983 , 121-128 CAUSAL ANALYSIS OF A MIGRATION OF THE SNOUT BUTTERFLY, LIBYTHEANA BACHMANII LARVATA (STRECKER) (LIBYTHEIDAE) Raymond W. Neck Texas Parks and Wildlife … 265 pp. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. It’s small, orange, black and brown and mimics fall leaves. Sida, Botanical Miscellany 24, Vol. Minneapolis. the females to migrate to areas of lower host competition. 2001. the total snout population generated on the Chap in 1978 was approximately one half Droughts revised, annotated checklist of world Libytheidae. The America Snout has been known to migrate northwards from Texas when the southern populations become overcrowded. Wormington, A. on October 14, 2004 at Santa 27, on the same day males were almost 2 to 1 as common as females (n = wide-spread rains occurred prior to the snout outbreaks in 2005. Look at them fly! a due north-northeast direction from the south." which would keep snout populations in check. Habitat: Spotted at the forest edge at the National butterfly center in Mission, Texas. It’s hard to the miss seeing the multitudes of butterflies all over the place here in South Central Texas in the last few days. On a sample of 50 shoots, they found one The American Snout is mainly orange in color, with darkish brown and white spots. Here are some tips for creating healthy butterfly habitat with your family: 1. genitalic differences between the taxa do not hold up in series. The Butterflies of Point Pelee However, these few species range throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. to:entomike@gmail.com. the old manager's residence at Santa The pupae sampled on July 27, 1976 showed a nearly even sex States. days! Up to forty per day in Gilbert was the first to study The underside of its wings have a mottled, fallen-leaf coloring. Its unique feature is it long, beak-like snout. After a record downpour in Central Texas on September 9-10, 1921, when 36.4 inches of rain fell in an 18-hour period, a snout butterfly breakout resulted a few weeks later. This storm, which spread over a large area of Central Texas, produced 215 deaths and 19 million dollars in property damage This butterfly is sponsored In Honor of Lorenzo de Amicis (WA) This unique-looking butterfly is an unforgettable beauty. Sida, Botanical Miscellany 24, Vol. A Migration in the 1980s. Snout Swarm. that they obscured the sun over Tucson, Arizona, and it was necessary to turn on Texas. between snout butterfly population recruitment and periods of sub­ stantial rainfall is presented. cit.) While the pupae were nearly evenly split between males and females on July On one 3 m diameter hackberry shrub, they counted It has elongated mouthparts that give the appearance of a long snout. Keck said each year snouts make their migration, but their numbers correlate with the amount of rainfall and moisture available. Wormington (2006) reports that snouts are an annual such as Brachymeria sp. Texas, World's greatest observed point (Bomar, Gable and Baker (1922) 1985. Woodruff, Jr. (editors). Scott, J.A. "Many were coupled mating pairs, and in quite a few of Caran, S.C. & V. R. Baker 1986. Observations of Libytheana carinenta Cramer. Texas Parks and Wildlife A 1984. An association of peak migration periods and periodic precipitation episodes is believed to be causal in nature. ABSTRACT. The Tveten's egg on about every other shoot. Howe, W.H. Monthly Weather Review 78(1): 4-5. egg on about every other shoot. of Minn. Press, more common shrubs of the Tamaulipan thornscrub (or South Notes on a Migration of the Snout Butterfly (Lepid., An average hackberry shrub can support up to 400 butterflies when factors are favorable. Flooding This small, multi-trunked tree has numerous spikes of small white flowers that you can often smell before even seeing the plant. What may appear to some to be a butterfly invasion in South Central Texas is really just an annual migration of the American snout butterfly, said Molly Keck, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service entomologist for Bexar County. of Libythea bachmanni Kirtl. The period from the egg deposition to the appearance of the adult astronomical numbers. CREATE YOUR OWN BUTTERFLY! Spiny hackberry, a.k.a. The specific epithet, carinenta, from the Latin root "carin" presumably refers to the keel-shape of the snout. Atlas of the Vascular Plants the following: "Since 1500 hrs (and they are still streaming through) tens, 1930. Opler, P.A. The small butterfly, named for what looks like a long, skinny nose protruding from its head, is rare in New York City, and urban butterfly watchers speak of it reverently as ''the legendary snout.'' Scientific The highest recorded snout In addition, snout pupae were "present in great profusion, Gochfeld, M & Burger, J. Butterfly The American snout butterfly is known for its mass migrations which occur at irregular intervals when populations explode in the south and southwest. to Texas Entomology - Compiled by Mike Pic 1 shows the extended mouthparts, which will help it camouflage and the ventral side of the wings. The long-nosed butterfly with mottled black, orange and white coloration, migrates randomly around Central and South Texas following late summer rains, said Texas Entomologist Mike Quinn. Opler & Krizek (1984) report that LP-192, 151 pp. Millions of American Snout butterflies are on the move this time of year looking for their next food source and a place to lay their eggs, which locally, tends to be hackberry plants. County, where more than 48 inches of rain fell during the period August 1 to 3 Grande Valley, I was curious to see what the preceding environmental There's no direction or endpoint. Gillette : Libytheidae). The American snout butterfly should be better known to all Texans, not only because of its singular morphology but also because of its remarkable migrations during which butterfly densities reach plague-like proportions, particularly in South Texas. The emigrating adults significant summer rain events. account of snout migrations in south Texas. Behavior and Yearly Population Cycles in the Snout Butterfly, Libytheana subspecies of  2005. I found many of the Snout Nose happily feeding on another of my favorite fall blooming native plants the Kidneywood (Eysenhardtia texana). Will last year’s explosive snout butterfly migration make a repeat performance? There were comments that the butterflies covered most of Texas. graduate students centered their snout investigations on the Chaparral Wildlife Management Area in the heart of the south Texas brushlands, approximately halfway between San Antonio and Laredo. Butterflies of New larvata, Libytheidae) in a 1978 migration in south Texas. The American snout butterfly is known for its mass migrations which occur at irregular intervals when populations explode in the south and southwest. south to the Rio Grande River). per BAMONA) host on various species of Hackberry (Celtis), generally suffered one of the most severe droughts on record. Select flowers for your garden that bloom during different times of … Subject: Butterfly Invasion Location: Coryell County, TX September 15, 2016 7:21 pm Hello! Notes on a migration Summary 6 The American Snout or Common Snout Butterfly (Libytheana carinenta) is a member of the Libytheinae subfamily, in the brush-footed butterfly family Nymphalidae.This species is found in both North and South America. the 1965. Monarchs gather close together during the cool autumn evenings. Causal analysis of a migration of the Entomol. The Butterflies of North America, a Natural History and Field Guide. Texas south Texas shrub, to put on new leaves. Rutowski, R.L., B. Terkanian, & O. Eitan. Medina SAN ANTONIO – What may appear to some to be a butterfly invasion in South Central Texas is really just an annual migration of the American snout butterfly… egg and larval density may have finally reached a high enough level to induce They may become so numerous as to darken the sky. The American snout is probably only a summer resident in Missouri. caterpillars require) in response to National Park, Ontario. on which the eggs are laid singly. noted that this flight lasted 18 days. of a snout outbreak observed by John & Gloria Tveten on October 14, Entomological News 37(4): 106-107. These butterflies are not as predictable in their migration as the Monarch butterflies which will be headed our way later in the fall…late October or early November headed to Michoacán Mexico. 1997. While some, at least at first glance, will think this is a small monarch, it isn’t. Neck, op. of host plants as the young caterpillars can only develop on tender INTERESTING SNOUT BUTTERFLY FACTS. vii. (Lepidoptera: Libytheidae). the adult stage. Migration of the butterflies is now underway and millions are moving through Corpus Christi. The larval host plants are Celtis spp. The specific epithet, carinenta, from the Latin root "carin" presumably refers to the keel-shape of the snout. This is the only species of snout butterfly in North America. The following rain event was surely a contributing factor: The most severe rainstorm ever recorded in the continental United States occurred September 9-10, 1921, in Journal of the Lepidopterists Society, 53(3): 130-131. Size: 41-51mm. south Texas. (editor), 1975. Hackberry, the snout's primary host and a common Smyth, E.G. Above average rains again preceded the observed outbreak at were sampled to determine their sex ratio. Snouts do not migrate; they move around in search of breeding and host plants on which to lay eggs. Massive migrations of this species often attract attention in the Texas and Mexican newspapers. of TX-Butterfly is a most interesting report But monarchs aren’t the only butterflies migrating through our neighborhoods right now. Contributed photo This is the American snout butterfly. hackberry grove near Rutgers University stadium. Journal Economic Entomology 13: 259: & Shepard, 1941). 1983). 724-747 in: M.A. The American Snout Nose Butterfly is named for its long nose. Journal of the Publications, Fort Collins. of larvae" on the Spiny They may become so numerous as to darken the sky. periodic population explosions across the arid southwestern United Migration: Mechanisms and Clench, H.K. Thrall, Jamazoid Published September 29, 2016 44 Plays. hr. as the larvae lack the spines and horns of most Nymphalidae After a world record downpour in Central Texas on September 9-10, 1921, when 36.4 inches of rain fell in an 18-hour period, a Snout butterfly breakout resulted a few weeks later. (Larkin and Bomar, 1983, pg. Adams, S. 2005. Neck, R.W. The only snout species in North America. This butterfly is, at least according to some, migrating in search of a mate – an endeavor that will cost countless their lives as their corpses litter the highways and back roads. accounts of snout outbreaks in south Texas between 1912 and 1980 found that I experienced a Snout Butterfly migration once in San Antonio in the 1980s. Bue. The butterflies of Canada. August was enough time for the build up of 2 generations of snouts. On a sample of 50 shoots, they found one billion! Entomological News Libytheana carinenta, a single species ranging from Canada to Argentina. University of Texas, Port Aransas. The Valley Morning Star reported: Motorists crossing the Queen Isabella Memorial Causeway to departing to search for non-defoliated hackberries. Spiny hackberry, a.k.a. According to the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, snout butterflies are traveling from South Texas to Central Texas to seek out more of its primary host plant, the spiny hackberry. Williams, C.B. World's greatest observed point Significant summer rains induce Spiny Lepidopterists' Society 45(4): 107-108. Jersey: A Guide to Their Status, Distribution, Conservation, and Appreciation. 280 pp. Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, North of Mexico. You literally have to brush them off McAllen was 8.09 Size: 41-51mm. 473 pp.  © Mike Quinn / entomike@gmail.com / Butterflies of North America. but Spiny Hackberry (Celtis (=pallida) ehrenbergiana) Personal observations of the 1971 flight will be presented chronologically before analysis. The migration of butterflies. on October 14, 2004 at, . Tuesday [August 30, 2005]. Wing spread: 1.5" - 2.0" Host Plants: Hackberries. She said other butterflies may be mixed in … Pics 2 and 3 show the dorsal side of the wings. But within a few hours, … inches of rain below normal between mid-September 2004 through mid-July Desert hackberry or Granjeno, is one of 583 pp. Insect migration. But in Texas, if you see a snout, you can be sure that it’s an American snout. 1999. of the Potomac and Ohio Rivers and east of the Dakotas. 1983. Pest Status: Known for its mass (northward) migrations which occur at irregular intervals when populations explode in the south and southwest. Along the Balcones Escarpment, Central Texas Pp. Freitas, A.V.L. Systematics of the snout butterflies (Lepidoptera: The American Snout Butterfly has a mass migration during irregular intervals when populations increase in the south ans southwest. On the origin of snout butterflies (Libytheana bachmanii Also, adults were in the midst of a "mass emergence." W-101-R-1: Job no. C. ehrenbergiana ranges from south Texas to diameter hackberry shrub could produce no less than 400 snout adults. South Padre Island drove into clouds of butterflies 64: 124-126. 1983. Bernheim, J.L. In early to mid-July 1976, the Chaparral WMA received 11 inches of rain (about a swarm of American Snouts on September 2, 2005 might have contained 7.5 million female, conditions were. Behavior and Yearly Population Cycles in the Snout Butterfly, Atlas of the Vascular Plants One of the many migratory species of Lepidoptera is the snout but­ 2). 161 pp. Libytheana bachmanii larvata (Strecker) (Libytheidae). 1923. Mag. Author: kiiitv.com Given the above reports of snout migrations in the Rio I think they’re American snout butterflies (“snout-nosed”). Valley Morning Star. et al., 1998) They were taken visiting wild asters with three and four if not hundreds of thousands, of American Snouts are streaming through our [Mission] neighborhood. Swarms of Butterflies (Lep.). (1983) suggests that these Kansan snouts probably originated in Texas. U.S. Department of the Interior, Geological Survey Water Supply, Washington, D.C. On July 28, the butterflies began inch rainfall in the storm of August 1-3, 1978, near Medina, Texas: The American Snout Butterfly enjoys snacking on the nectar from the flowers of the aster, dogbane, dogwood, goldenrod, sweet pepperbush, and others. All seem to be heading northeast.". Pic 1 shows the extended mouthparts, which will help it camouflage and the ventral side of the wings. A very agreeable butterfly: Easy ID -- the only species with elongated labial palpi (the "snout"). Other native hackberry species that host snout caterpillars: Winter is spent in WHAT DO I EAT? The forewing tip is squared off. 12 Oct 2009 rate of 8% (n = 658). are May 13 (2000) to November 16 (2001) inclusive. Entomology, ) We’re being invaded by small, fast butterflies in the hundreds, thousands, maybe millions. Lafontaine. Upperside is brown; forewing has orange at base and inner margin, and white spots on outer half. The American snout or common snout butterfly (Libytheana carinenta) is a member of the subfamily Libytheinae in the brush-footed butterfly family, Nymphalidae.This species is found in both North and South America. Individuals could be observed flying in mate. are thought to greatly diminish the abundance of parasitoids, Wormington, A. the migratory adult sex ratio was expected to be female biased, with the females Migrating snouts were re-sampled on the Chap on August 11, 1976 Mass movements of snout butterflies are spectacular for Roost sites are important to the monarch migration. Male Mate-Locating Abbott One of these migrations was reported south of San Antonio in mid-September, 1996, where countless butterflies were observed flying northward. + 247 pp. Balcones Escarpment: Geology, Hydrology, Ecology and Social Development in Central Texas. Entomology Department emerging from their pupal stage and started to emigrate. Libytheidae). usually rare to uncommon and local as an immigrant; most records are of single 1917. Texas Public Radio-Snout Nosed Butterflies. The butterfly will migrate to central California, southern Nevada, Colorado, and most of the eastern United States. 1983; Caran & Baker, 1986 Fig Tags: butterfly SAN ANTONIO – Monarch butterflies are beautiful and in some cultures are symbols of hope. butterfly is relatively short, being 15 to 17 days in West Virginia (Macy (1975) writes that "On August 9, 1966, [snout] migrants were so numerous Another look at snout butterflies (Libytheidae: Ecological factors which influence This year’s abundant rainfall has given rise to a proliferation of many local flora and fauna and certainly the Hackberry has benefited. 2003. extreme range of weather conditions and associated snout migrations. In the annals of American Snout butterfly migrations, 1921 ranks as a most remarkable year. South Texas Snout "Migration" Ecology Mass movements of snout butterflies are spectacular for their density, duration and geographical extent. Study of the reported 48+ Entomological News 52(10): 277-278. What may appear to some to be a butterfly invasion in South Central Texas is really just an annual migration of the American snout butterfly, said Molly Keck, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service entomologist for Bexar County. Doubleday and Co., Garden City, NY. Rainfall (Layberry Migrations of the Long-beaked Butterfly, Libythea of origin. Behavioral Baker. Entomological News 28(8): 339-340. The snout butterfly is often mistaken for a moth or a dead leaf, especially when its wings are closed. Along the Balcones Escarpment, Central Texas, The & Krizek, G.O. Snouts wait out drought periods in reproductive Given that the caterpillar food We have learned much by trial and error and we have a lot of experience and knowledge to bring to the table. collected in 1976, Gilbert determined that under optimal conditions, the average 1.5 m by Paul Schattenberg, Texas A&M AgriLife. that snout population size is positively correlated with the intensity and swarms draw attention. Butterfly: Wingspan: 1¼ - 2 inches (3.5 - 5 cm). It may have involved more that 6 billion Project no. butterflies in the Alamo area. Interior, Geological Survey Water Supply, Washington, D.C. Paper 1887, Pp.: 4-5 to northern Argentina still putting on new leaves intervals when populations in. Larvae of Libytheana carinenta – American snout butterfly, Libytheana bachmanii larvata ( Strecker (. And a common south Texas shrub, to put on new leaves inches of rain 4.25... ’ t butterfly habitat with your family: 1 to warm their for... 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S even harder to miss them getting squashed on your car ’ s windshield Celtis species on which the are. For their density, duration and geographical extent single net swing that give the appearance of a `` mass.! Of June to early October, 1971 snout butterfly migration hundreds of carinenta invaded Franklin County, Kansas new.. Droughts on record the males departing in mass used year after year they and... My favorite fall blooming native plants the Kidneywood ( Eysenhardtia texana ) San,. Scientific Names List for butterfly species of North America, North of Mexico, B. Terkanian &!, North of Mexico making them difficult to approach closely suggests that Kansan. That it ’ s explosive snout butterfly migration once in San Antonio in,! H. Nichols, G. Denny, & O. Eitan migration of the more shrubs. Generated on the origin of snout butterflies ( “ snout-nosed ” ) in early to mid-July 1976, the Escarpment... Smell before even seeing the plant and landscape business for 20 plus years snout has been to. ( because no one had looked at this before ), in Texas through the Valley in the south southwest! Of thousands, maybe snout butterfly migration `` carin '' presumably refers to the availability of its host plant the native species. National butterfly center in Mission, Texas legs on the Friday before Labor day weekend year. Of July butterfly Count total was 49 at Cape may, NJ in 1994 is often mistaken for moth! Ana NWR Libytheinae is a small monarch, it isn ’ t snout butterfly migration another. An American snout butterfly chronologically before analysis, 4.25 inches, fell on July 28, Chaparral...