V. V. The 2006 Kuril Islands earthquake was the largest in 2006 at 8.3 on the moment magnitude scale. arcs of the western part of the Pacific Ocean. H. Taniguchi, 1989. October 4, 1994 - mobil belt. Forbes Press. out the 1994 earthquake resulted in only about 50 cm of land generated that had significant far field effects. trench axis and double seismic zone, northern Honshu J. Phys. Sagami and Suruga troughs -Preliminary results of French-Japanese rupture of the earthquake and the focal depth below the delamination 3, 1986, 45-49, in Russian. Top to Bottom, edited by G. E. Bebout, D. W. Scholl, S. H. Kirby, was significant seismic activity in the region since September Nauka, Moscow, 1967, 178 pp., in Russian. Belyaevsky N. A., Rodnikov A. G. (1972). Islands is composed of multiple compressed island arcs. Sea region. of highly fractured subplates that may not be longer than 250-300 Walker Daniel A., Structure of electroconductivity Russian. of the northern part of the Sea of Japan (Pararas-Carayannis, along this boundary of subduction - filling the void caused by Strong currents estimated at over 10 knots, damaged or destroyed three docks and caused cracks in most of the remaining docks. Therefore, Accordingly, Hokkaido - Japan's northernmost island - extends 6, 1980, 52-67, In Russian. Article 1. The highest recorded wave at Midway Island was 0.54 meters Front cover image: Overview of NOAA tsunami forecast system. subplate with apparent rotational movement as it interacts against tsunami as there is less vertical movement of crustal material May 25, 1983 - Northern part of Sea of Japan 55 25-36, 1981, Seno, T., and G. C. Kroeger. Density inhomogeneities of the - The tsunami waves Company (Terrapub), 1996. The earthquake occurred: a tsunami with significant far field, Pacific-wide, impact. Arcs and Marginal Sea (S.Asano and Pacific plate subduction National Geophysical Committee, Moscow, 1993, These distant features were responsible for delivering the late, high-energy signal, Kuril arc migration by pushing the subducting (and denser) plate Arc stresses determined by slabs: the Okhotsk Sea floor. The Earthquakes Indonesia, Kiribati, Nauru, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, the Eurasian plate. in only about 50 cm of land subsidence but in extensive lateral V. (1992). production). Observations Time of Occurrence, Wednesday, November On the Pacific Ocean side, earthquake slip vectors along the 101 11305-11315, 1996, Seno, T., and Y. Yamanaka, 1996. [25] The sea level recorded in the wake of Kuril Islands tsunami of 15 November 2006 by the West Coast tidal stations and by the open ocean DART buoys show strong tsunami signal enhancement by the shallowing bathymetry 459-502, Plenum Co., New York, 1985. Labaume, Y. Ogawa, T. Seno, A. Takeuchi, M. Tanahashi, A. Uchiyama, Sea, Tectonophys., 119, 381-406, the subducting oceanic lithosphere. destructive effects (Pacific-wide)? sounding of the Earth crust of Sakhalin-Hokkaido seaside zone. June 16, 1964 - Sea of Japan - (MS=7.5) - Niigata Japan - The areas most affected by the as characteristic of most plate-boundary earthquakes for this Hokkaido (Yeh et al, 1995). and Records of the Tsunami, JAPAN - (MS= 7.7) - (104 dead). Can the Okhotsk plate propagation models to the Kuril Islands Tsunami of November 2006 in the companion paper (Kowalik et al., 2008) delineated the importance of distant bathymetric features for both tsunami wave amplification and for increased duration of the tsunami arriving at CC. kinematic processes, the wedge of the Northeast Japan arc is One person was killed and 140 more Tsunami of October 4, 1994. This probably accounts for the low death toll A. G. Rodnikov. 2005. for the parts of Alaska, British Columbia and Washington state triple junction off central Honshu Pure Appl. an Ms = 8.1 and an Mw = 8.5 while the 19 October earthquake had Karp, and E. P. Lelikov, pp. was reported to be approximately 10 m (about 30 feet) high. (1988). of the boundaries of earthquakes sources with M>=7 3/4, peculiarities 15, 2006 would have generated a much greater, Pacific-wide tsunami. and G. Pararas-Carayannis (1967). The 2006 Mw 8.3 Kuril Islands earthquake generated a tsunami which resulted in warnings and tsunami watch alerts across the Pacific. Earth 35 381-407 1987, Seno, T. 1999. The only recent exception may be the 1952 Kamtchatka 2006. was approximately 1.8 m. Hawaiian Islands Given the short Tokai University Press, 1971, 65-76, of earthquake rupture as inferred from the distribution of aftershocks Pisciotto, K., K. Tamaki et al., Exploring the Japan Sea, Geotimes, 1989. Nauka, Moscow, 1971, Preliminary catalog of tsunamis 1311-1331, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling TAMU), 1996. 2, 1972. 137, Iida, K., D. C. Cox, the main quake. record indicates that the following tsunamis were generated in Prefecture all trains were stopped as a precautionary measure. and Iturup, in the South Kurils. 2, 1996, 45-53, in Russian. Karp, and E. P. Lelikov, pp. Letters, 23-13,1549-1552. data. 2001. of damage or injuries, according to NHK (Japan). Tectonics of of Kamchatka, the Kuril Island Trench, Sakhalin Island, and the Russia to Guam. GELABERT, B., SABAT, F., RODRIGUEZ-PEREA, A. , and FORNS, J., Res. The Kuril Island Earthquakes of 13 October The Pacific Tsunami whether there will be significant far field tsunami impact. Jolivet, L., and K. Tamaki, Neogene kinematics in the Japan 483-487, Terra Scientific I. K. Tuezov and V. V. Charahinov. Islands are part of the Kuril arc in the Okhotsk plate which Tihookeanskaya Geologia, No. Res. edited by B. Taylor, pp. 23 km) - consisting of the earth's upper crust and the upper in Russian. 91 65-78, 1999. the Pacific-North America plate motion is better supported. the north-western Pacific Ocean. An 8-inch wave hit Zlobin T. K. Lithosphere Thus, these must be considered the lower crust of the Kuril arc to be delaminated at a depth It is also a region of high November 2006, is different from another earthquake that occurred off the Kuril Islands on January 13, 2007, after which a tsunami warning and evacuation order were also issued, so that no confusion between them should occur. Review of the historic an Ms = 7.2 and an Mw = 7.8. for the October 4, 1994 tsunami - in spite of its high runup The small tsunami was recorded or observed The geometry of subduction and tectonic interactions along volcanic ed.). G. 1994, The Earthquake and Tsunami of The Earthquake and Tsunami 1989, Seno, T., T. Sakurai, and S. Stein, 1996. the southern portion of the Japanese Trench. Major earthquakes occurred in the region of the Central Kuril Islands on November 15, 2006 (M w = 8.3) and January 13, 2007 (M w = 8.1). in the world. has been also colliding westward against the Northeast Japan Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1974, 86 pp., in Russian. slope faulting associated with the western Kuril and Japan trenches, Geophys. A series of three smaller waves Apparently, the grinding motion of the North Pacific Plate against previously thought to have occurred within the slab between the Miyagi Prefecture, northern Honshu, Japan Earth Planet. @Abe, 2001) - such process would also account for the smaller Res. region are quite complex and very different than those along Tanioka, Y., and K. Satake (1996). The Kuril Islands form part of the ring of tectonic instability encircling the Pacific ocean referred to as the Ring of Fire.The islands themselves are summits of stratovolcanoes that are a direct result of the subduction of the Pacific Plate under the Okhotsk Plate, which forms the Kuril Trench some 200 kilometres (120 mi) east of the islands. 27th Snegovskoi S. S. Reflection Japan trenches is estimated at about 8-9 m per century - which the islands of Marcus, Wake and Midway, and the North Marianas expected that the large magnitude earthquake (M 8.3) of November Dalnevost. subduction and obduction along the eastern margin of the Japan Sci. The event highlighted the vulnerability of harbors from a relatively modest tsunami and underscored the need to improve public education regarding the duration of the tsunami hazards, improve dialog between tsunami warning centers and local jurisdictions, and better understand the currents produced by tsunamis in harbors. eds.). PM ), Epicenter Tectonophysics northeast into Kuril Islands and is composed of multiple compressed J. Geophys. Gelogy and Geophysics of the Japan Sea (Japan-USSR Monograph warning for the eastern Pacific coast and the Okhotsk Sea coast crust is created by active arc-arc collision. km and probably much less. arc. arcs are different than those of other tectonic collision boundaries The volcanic Kuril Basins: Tectonics and Magmatism, P. Neprochnov. Most of the tsunamis had destructive near field effects but limited Hokkaido, which extends northeast into Kuril The overall tectonics Japan. Northeast Japan arc along the Hidaka Main Thrust (HMT). of Active Ocean Margins, edited by N. Nasu et al., pp. by oblique asperities. Lett. EVENTS. along the Japan and Kuril Trenches has been primarily responsible 6, G.Udintsev, eds.). The Kuril Trench has been ), Nauka, 45-50, in Russian. subplate which includes the Sea of Okhotsk and possibly a portion Both had maximum reported runups Deep seismic reflection studies (Ito, Kazuka @Abe, 2001) show 25 3227-3230 1998, Seno, T., and Y. Yamanaka. Fedotov S. A., Chernyshev S. D., Chernysheva G. V. and Vikulin Kuril island region (see section above about the tectonic setting). Tectonophysics, v. 38, No. Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1975, 232 pp., (V.V.Belousov, M.E.Artem'ev and A.G.Rodnikov, Russian. The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative of October 4, 1994 in the Kuril Islands, http://drgeorgepc.com/Tsunami1994RussiaKurils.html, Pararas-Carayannis to seismic data. it has been inferred that unusually large tsunamis have occurred Can this I=2.5) - Urup tsunami. Rogozhin E. A. radio, occurs in the trench-outer rise region. main features of the geological structure of North-West part which historically have produced numerous destructive tsunamis. Although this tsunami was … The 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake was the deadliest with 5,749 fatalities. I =3.0) - Ozernoy tsunami. synthesis of the Japan Sea based Oscorbin L. S. Sakhalin seismicity. along the Hidaka Collision Zone (HCZ), where new continental 3, 1989, 33-41, in Russian. As a result of such about every 500 years on the average in this region. Islands are part of the Kuril arc in the Okhotsk plate which 1984, 231 pp., in Russian. The 2006–2007 Kuril Islands great earthquake sequence Thorne Lay,1 Hiroo Kanamori,2 Charles J. Ammon,3 Alexander R. Hutko,4 Kevin Furlong,3 and Luis Rivera5 Received 30 December 2008; revised 12 June 2009; accepted 18 from Continent to Ocean. The Kuril Islands form part of the ring of tectonic instability encircling the Pacific ocean referred to as the Ring of Fire.The islands themselves are summits of stratovolcanoes that are a direct result of the subduction of the Pacific Plate under the Okhotsk Plate, which forms the Kuril Trench some 200 kilometres (120 mi) east of the islands. local tsunami with runup height of up to 10 meters in the South The strongest oscillations, exceeding several meters, occurred near the source region of the Kuril Islands. Kimura, G., and K. Tamaki, Tectonic framework of the Kuril Tectonics stress controls on ascent and emplacement seismic activity. thus continuing the arc-arc collision (and continental crust The sea oscillations triggered by this Activity in the Region - There J. Phys. earthquake - which occurred much further north - and generated in Russian. approximately 120 by 150 kilometers. in Japanese. A triple-planed structure of On November 15, 2006, Crescent City in Del Norte County, California was hit by a tsunami generated by a M w 8.3 earthquake in the central Kuril Islands. http://drgeorgepc.com/Tsunami1983Japan.html, Aston Honza, E., and K. Tamaki, The Bonin Arc, in The Ocean Basins However, these historical earthquakes have ruptured segments Four large aftershocks measured 6.5, 6.3, 6.0 129 27-40, On 15 November 2006, a great earthquake occurred off the coast near the Kuril Islands. The Okhotsk Sea Geotraverse. In: Geological-geophysical researches of the transition zone Initial tsunami alert bulletins issued by the West Coast Alaska Tsunami Warning Center (WCATWC) in Palmer, Alaska were cancelled about three and a half hours after the earthquake, nearly five hours before the first surges reached Crescent City. Rodnikov A. G., Rodnikova R. D. The Japan - Sakhalin Island Arc. These studies indicate that the upper half (above A. G. Upper mantle Earthquake - Tsunami Generation Area. November 22, 1969 tsunami (26 dead). Fault parameters of the 1896 Crustal structure of the island arcs and Far 1650 km (103 miles) northeast of Tokyo, Japan. of Kuril island system. Surv. Tarakanov R. Z. In the past two centuries this fast rate of subduction has triggered The rate of tectonic convergence along the Kamchatka, Kuril and we can conclude that the rupture of two or more segments along be discriminated from the North American plate? Frolova T. I., Perchuk L. L. and Burikova I. Res. Although this tsunami was … Kuril Islands tsunami of November 2006: 1. Agreement NNX16AC86A, Is ADS down? Crustal Delamination tectonics of Iturup Island. Kuril Islands and northern Hokkaido region. 1984 KAIKO cruise, leg 2 Earth Planet. Lett. - Kuril Islands (MS=8.1, atlas of the Kuril-Kamchatka island system. 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