We will start with ionic compounds, then covalent and then acids. Note, "-ic" stands for the higher oxidation state (charge), and "-ous" stands for the lower oxidation state. The anions are all of the first type, and gain electrons until they have the same number as the nearest noble gas. Some of the more common chemicals use the -ous/-ic nomenclature, but the use of Roman Numerals to designate the charge is acceptable.

Stearic acid is a saturated fatty acid with an 18-carbon chain and has the IUPAC name octadecanoic acid. To name them, follow these quick, simple rules: Video 2.7.e: (1'28") Acid Salts 1: Youtube for naming compounds that can form from carboxylate (acid, salt and acid salt), Video 2.7.f: (3'19") Acid Salts 2: YouTube naming the compounds that can form from phosphate (acid, salt, and acid salts). Salts and esters of valeric acid are known as valerates or pentanoates. Note, hydrogen can not lose its only electron as then it would be a subatomic particle and the charge density would be too high, so it forms a covalent bond. Silver (Group 1B) forms a [+1] cation like the 1A alkali metals. Propionic acid (/ p r oʊ p i ˈ ɒ n ɪ k /, from the Greek words protos, meaning "first", and pion, meaning "fat"; also known as propanoic acid) is a naturally occurring carboxylic acid with chemical formula CH 3 CH 2 CO 2 H. It is a liquid with a pungent and unpleasant smell somewhat resembling body odor. this an organic compound so it is covalent but acid is always covalent compound either organic or inorganic. The first question we ask is if the compound is ionic or covalent? The compounds phthlate, acetate and oxalate have this functional group. Finally, polyatomic ions often form which are covalently bonded atoms where the total number of protons is not equal to the total number of electrons. Valeric acid reacts as a typical carboxylic acid: it can form amide, ester, anhydride, and chloride derivatives. Compounds are classified as ionic or molecular (covalent) on the basis of the bonds present in them. We will understand later this semester that as you go down a family or group of the periodic table, the volume of the atoms increases. Figure\(\PageIndex{2}\) The elements in the above table form only one stable charged state. [7], In industry, valeric acid is produced by the oxo process from 1-butene and syngas, forming valeraldehyde, which is oxidised to the final product. [18] The restoration of levels of this acid in the gut has been suggested as the mechanism that results in control of Clostridioides difficile infection after fecal microbiota transplant.[19]. It is probably easiest to identify the Type 1 and consider others to be Type 2. Sodium + Chlorine = Sodium Chloride Calcium + Bromine = Calcium Bromide. [CDATA[*/{"annotations":null,"assetRoot":null,"branding":null,"clientUrl":"https://cdn.hypothes.is/hypothesis/1.38.0/build/boot.js","oauthEnabled":null,"onLayoutChange":null,"openLoginForm":null,"openSidebar":null,"query":null,"services":null,"showHighlights":"always","sidebarAppUrl":"https://hypothes.is/app.html","subFrameIdentifier":"006843288837771455","pluginClasses":{}}/*]]>*/, /**/, /* Min Youtube describing the logic of the nonmetal modified to end with –ic gas. 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