An insignificant amount of the vital products of the larvae, as well as the flesh damaged by them, cause mild diarrhea. In more severe cases, slight dehydration of the body is observed. In total, up to 3 generations of flies can appear during the season. In Hawaii, it has caused serious damaged to melon, cucumber and tomato crops. Prior to its invasion, cucurbit crops were widely grown for local consumption and some were exported to California. Life cycle. Melon fly is found in the tropical regions of Asia, a portion of east Africa, and on some Pacific islands, including Hawaii, USA. BIOLOGY. A major route by which this pest may spread in trade or transport is through eggs and larvae hidden in fruiting bodies. This is a medium-sized fly, mainly fawn yellow, less often brownish. The mean Pre-oviposition period13.5±1.5 and oviposition period 18.0±6 days while, mean mating period (3±1hrs), fecundity 80.0±20 eggs/life cycle and incubation period of eggs varied from 1.25±0.25 days was observed of cucurbit fruit fly. Eggs of the Baluchistan melon fly (BMF) are able to survive harsh winter conditions. The egg of a melon fly is pure white and is 2 mm long; They lay their eggs in tender plant tissue such as terminals, unopened flowers, young stems, roots, and seedlings; They feed on stem shoots and buds of squashes and melons; The female melon flies can lay up to 1,000 eggs; The life cycle from egg to adult requires 14-27 days Melon fly is one of the most unpleasant pests of any gourds. When the time of pupation comes, the larva leaves the fetus and burrows into the ground to a depth of 13-15 cm. The melon fruit fly remains active throughout the year on one or the other host. The life expectancy of adults is about two months. It is present throughout the year in southern Florida, where it is limited mostly by availability of host plants. The lifespan of an adult fly varies depending on many factors, and can be as long as 5–15 months. The eyes located at the edges of the head are located at a relatively large distance from each other, in contrast to the ordinary fly, in which they practically converge in the upper part of the head. The spots and tubercles have a characteristic brown hue. Despite the fact that for a person a melon fly is not dangerous, there are still fruits that are affected by it, but it is not worth it. As a rule, a plant loses much more fluid from various mechanical damages. Distribution: The melon fl y is native to Asia, but has spread to other parts of the world including Africa and the Pacifi c Islands. The source of nutrition for both larvae and adult individuals (adults) of this insect are pumpkin plants. ... fruit sucking moth, are responsible for the deterioration of fruit quality and the reduction of shelf life (Veeresh, 1989). The melon fly was first found in California in 1956 and has been captured sporadically over the years, but all infestations have been successfully eradicated. Females are able to make small holes on the rind of the fruit or on the shoots, from which after some time the juice begins to stand out, which they drink with the help of the proboscis. This happens if there are sufficiently deep cracks on their skin. Their size is about a third smaller than the size of an “adult” larva. Mostly, these are climatic zones of subtropics and mild temperate climate. moving up to 200 km. The combination of proper melon farming techniques using chemicals is the only effective method for successfully combating this pest. MELON FLY . During the hot and dry season, the flies take shelter under humid and shady places and feed on honeydew of aphids infesting the fruit trees. Quarantine laws aimed at preventing the entry and establishment of melon flies in areas where it does not occur often reduces the export potential of locally grown crops. Melon fly is a serious pest of most gourds. The life cycle from egg to adult requires 14-27 days. Dacus cucurbitae Coquillett -- Tephritidae (Contacts)GO TO ALL: Bio-Control Cases Native to the Indo-Malayan region, the melon fly was first recorded in Hawaii in 1897. The significant differences were observed in the life cycle of the pest when reared on bitter gourd, bottle gourd and watermelon. The female may lay as many as 1,000 eggs. The main danger of the melon fly is its high fecundity. Their body is cylindrical. Melon fly damages melons, melon, watermelon, cucumbers, pumpkin. Eggs can also be laid into flowers, stems as well as exposed roots. Melon flies use at least 125 host plants. LIFE CYCLE Development period from egg to adult ranges from 12 to 28 days. When using these drugs, you must strictly follow the instructions. On them four transverse stripes of yellow color are visible. They are major pests of beans, bittermelon, winter melon, cucumbers, eggplant, green beans, hyotan, luffa, melons, peppers, pumpkins, squashes, togan, tomatoes, watermelon, and zucchini. Usually one egg is laid in one fruit. The body length of the insect is about 0.6-0.7 cm, the wingspan is about 0.5 cm. The color of the larvae is dirty yellow or off white. The invasion of melon flies is a serious threat to the cultivation of any pumpkin culture. Fruit fly Management TYPICAL LIFE CYCLE Fusarium wilt distances within a short time; exceptional observa-tions showed a Bactrocera sp. Pupation occurs in the soil. The time from egg to adult emergence varies, and is generally about 2–3 weeks, and longer over winter. During this time, one female is able to lay more than a hundred eggs. Wings have the usual diptera shape. Even in the south of Asia you can find a melon fly. Further, it is recommended to repeat the treatment after 2 weeks. Life Cycle. Melon Fly Life Cycle. They are major pests of beans, bitter melon, wax gourd, cucumbers, edible gourds, eggplant, green beans, hyotan, luffa, melons, peppers, pumpkins, squashes, togan, tomatoes, watermelon, and zucchini. Chemical prophylaxis of melon is also used. When the larva reaches a size of about 1 cm, it pupates. El-Sabah B, Fetoh A, Afia YI, 2004. If infected fruits are found, they should be picked and destroyed as soon as possible (best burned). The female lays eggs under the skin of the fruit of the host plant. The lower and upper developmental thresholds for eggs were 11.4 and 36.4° C (Messenger and Flitters, … They are common in Lebanon, Iran and Iraq, Syria. If there are many cracks, several different flies can lay eggs in a large fruit. During this time, one female is able to lay more than a hundred eggs. Cool temperatures slow the development cycle, while warm temperatures speed it up. About nine days are required for … Melon Fly Bactrocera cucurbitae be extruded. The eggs of the melon fly are slender, white and measure 1/12 inch in length. In some regions of Transcaucasia, the original method is used - burying fruits that have reached 3-5 cm in diameter in the ground, later melons form under a layer of soil and flies cannot reach them. It is rare when the pupae of this pest are more than 8 mm. The melon fly. This species of flies is extremely fertile. Pilot project implementation sites in Mekong region. The appearance of flies on the territory of Ukraine, Moldova, southern Russia. Since the pupae “mature” in the soil, weeding and loosening of the soil should be carried out regularly in order to remove the pupae to the surface, where they will be destroyed by birds or other insects. Melon fly prefers such cucurbits as watermelon, cantaloupe, pumpkin, squash, ... these plants form an unstable resource to which the biology and life cycle of D. cucurbitae are well adapted. The larval phase of the insect lasts from 1 to 2 weeks, in autumn - up to 2.5 weeks. Insect prophylaxis is standard. (2000) reported 31.27% damage on bitter gourd and 28.55% on watermelon in India. This insect is able to destroy from 70 to 100% of the melon crop. I have written briefly about this subject in another article but since then, I have been bombarded with additional questions and requests for more pictures so I decided to dedicate an entire article to this subject. It disperses northward annually, usually arriving in northern Florida in June and other southeastern states in July, where no more than three generations normally occur before cold weather kills the host plants. El Nahal AKM, Azab AK, Swailem SM, 1971. Nutrition of adult insects is carried out by sucking the juices of plants on which they parasitize. It is distributed in Turkey, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Kyrgyzstan. The melon fly can attack flowers, stem, root tissue, and fruit. Oviposition response of melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) to different phenolic compounds Sharma, R. and Sohal, S. K. ABSTRACT The oviposition deterrent effects of four phenolic compounds (quercetin, rutin, gallic acid and tannic acid) were investigated against the melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae. An earlier planting is also recommended so that the fruits have time to form and “grow” with thick skin before the first summer of melon flies. Life cycles of fruit flies . The head and body of the insect have slightly different shades. It has a 30 day life cycle when conditions are optimal. Spraying with drugs is done twice a season. An option for such prevention is falling asleep on the beds with a layer of wood ash. Fruit fly life cycle. There are total larval periods was 5.9±0.979 and 5.19 ± 0.245 days while, pupal period was 7. Pupae are dark yellow, almost brown. Usually, they lay their eggs as soon as the temperature rises above + 20-22 ° C. Females lay eggs in the fruit to a depth of 2-3 mm. The African melon fly is widespread in the countries of the Mediterranean basin, the Caucasus and Central Asia. EGGS. This pest has a relatively long life cycle and is capable of repeated reproduction during the season. The Middle East also suffers from a population of these flies. The melon fly (Bactocera cucurbitae) belongs to the Tephritidae family of fruit flies. The maggots will then metamorphosis to pupae. The melon fruit fly has been reported to infest 95% of bitter gourd fruits in Papua (New Guinea), and 90% snake gourd and 60 to 87% pumpkin fruits in Solomon Islands (Hollingsworth et al., 1997). The fly life cycle starts from the egg, to the larva, pupa and finally the adult. Large fruits, as a rule, do not attract flies. The body of the fly is covered with dense hairs of small length. During the larval stage, up to 3 larvae of the larva occur. When the adult females feed or lay eggs, they bore a hole using their toothed ovipositor, usually in the upper side of the leaf. Life Cycle The melon fruit fly remains active throughout the During the severe winter months, they hide and huddle together under dried leaves of bushes and trees. The female fly lays its eggs under the skin of the watermelon. Microscopic footage showing fruit fly anatomy and its life-cycle. However, the melon fly was unable to complete its life cycle successfully on chayote showing that factors inhibiting larval development in melon fly could be attributed to biochemical constituents. The first signs of infection with fruit parasites is the appearance of many small spots or tubercles on them, which are formed in places where females bite the skin. The mean incubation period varied from 1.7±0.12 days in 2002 and 1.4±0.16 days in 2003 at temperature range from 31.9 – 32.2°C in 2002 and 27.3 – 30.8°C while, relative humidity was 56.7 – 62.8% during 2002 and 60.6–81.2% during 2003. In some cases, backfilling of melons helps with deterrents - ash, tobacco dust and others. The pupa matures for about 3 weeks, after which an adult insect is formed from it, which is ready for reproduction in 1-2 days. For these purposes, Zenith means (in concentrations of 0.25 liters per 10 liters of water) or Rapira (2 liters of solution per 1 ha) are used. The nutrition of adult individuals has almost no effect on plant life, since the amount of juice they consume is negligible. The melonworm can complete its life cycle in about 30 days. In addition, the use of insecticides such as Decis or Arrivo is recommended as a preventive measure. Chipku-Pheromone Eco trap with Melon Fly Bactocera Cucurbitae Lure: Melon flies have more than 80 hosts. The insect has a wide distribution range. The larva eats melon juice and any kind of fetal tissue: pulp, fiber or seeds. The mature larva emerges from the fruit, drops to the ground, and forms a tan to dark brown puparium. For the season is replaced by about 3 generations. Outside of malathion protein bait sprays and GF-120 NF Naturalyte Fruit Fly Bait, little information is available on other insecticides. The mean incubation period varied from 1.7±0.12 days in 2002 and 1.4±0.16 days in 2003 at temperature range from 31.9 – 32.2°C in 2002 and 27.3 – 30.8°C while, relative humidity was 56.7 – 62.8% during 2002 and 60.6–81.2% during 2003. At the same time, the nutritional pattern of insects is very interesting and depends on the sex of an adult. Larvae emerge from the eggs within 48 hours. Development from egg to adult under summer conditions requires about 16 days. Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique d'Egypte, 54:231-241. The first spring years of the melon fly coincides with the formation of the first fruits, although the females are capable of reproduction already on the 10th day of their life. The duration of total life cycle was 15.5 ± 1.952 and 13.66 ± 2.482 days during 2002 and 2003 in June and July. Young or newly formed fruits, whose skin is still not dense, are especially vulnerable to flies. First things first, let’s learn about its life cycle. There are total larval periods was 5.9±0.979 and 5.19 ± 0.245 days while, pupal period was 7.3 ± 0.23 and 7.03 ± 0.245 days during both the years in the month of June and July. The fruit fly life cycle is a very interesting subject and is a necessary one to review if you have a few buzzing around your house. The Baluchistan Melon Fly (Myiopardalis pardalina) is a major pest of melons and other cucurbits. Life History A photo of a melon fly is shown below. Throughout the distribution area, it is struggling with variable success, and a person does not always triumph in it. The spring years coincide with the formation of fruits in the spring. In addition to traditional melons, watermelons and pumpkins, this pest can threaten about a hundred other plants. The first spring years of the melon fly coincides with the formation of the first fruits, although the females are capable of reproduction already on the 10th day of their life. Within 2-4 days, they hatch into larvae, usually maggots, which are very active. Insect larvae have the usual shape for flies. The lower developmental threshold for melon fruit fly was recorded as 8.1° C (Keck, 1951). How to determine the appearance of a pest in the beds, Is it possible to eat melons infected with a melon fly, Homemade cucumbers on the balcony and loggia, Ogurdynya: reviews, varieties, planting and care, Processing potatoes before planting from wireworms, Pumpkin Baby, Honey Baby: description and photo, Tomato Beef Big: characteristics and description of the variety, Tomato Fatima: variety description, photos, reviews, Tomato Larisa F1: reviews, photos, productivity, Varieties of tomatoes that do not require pinching. Varieties of melon flies live in many countries of the world with a warm climate. Problems in the designation of type of life cycle and the evolutionary significance of the life cycle … If the lesion has become widespread, it is recommended to treat the plants with an insecticide, for example, Karbofos or Fufanon. Outwardly, the melon fly is an unremarkable insect, of which many fly in the summer garden. 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